A Journey Into Heart Of Darkness English Literature Essay

It is a fact that there is good and evil within every person. Without order and certain restraints, work forces can go salvages and finally lose path of their humanity. Heart of Darkness, a universe celebrated novel written by Joseph Conrad, tells the narrative of Mallow, who is employed by an English trading company and sent to an African settlement. There he travels up the river, sing the trading station which swaps for tusk with the indigens. On his journey he is told about a adult male named Kurtz whose station is the furthest up the river, deep in the African Jungle. As Marlow gets closer to Kurtz, he understands that Kurtz has gone insane and has lost his humanity. Heart of Darkness depicts darkness as the absolute immorality. The Novel exposes the dark side of European colonisation while researching the three degrees of darkness that the supporter, Marlow, brushs: the darkness of the Congo wilderness, the darkness of the Europeans ‘ barbarous intervention of the indigens, and the unfathomable darkness within Kurt.

The narrative begins with Marlow supplying his comrades with a brief lesson about the ancient Roman invasion and business of Britain. He claims: ” they grabbed what they could acquire for the interest of what was to be got. It was merely robbery with force, aggravated slaying on a great graduated table. ” ( Conrad 8 ) . This is the first indicant of the darkness nowadays in the narrative. Marlow claims that the Romans merely took whatever they wanted merely by the mere fact that they were able to. There was no limitation ; there was no jurisprudence to halt them from making so. This ideal can besides be applied to the European colonisation of certain parts of African during the late 19th and early twentieth century. During that clip, Europe was considered the prototype of civilisation, more powerful than any other continent in the universe. In order to spread out their imperium, they proclaimed that the European intent in Africa was to better life and convey the indigens into the twentieth century. However this ideal is merely based on sentimental pretences and instead than assisting the indigens, the European settlers are really working them for their ain benefit. Marlow about seemed angry at the ideal of European colonisation. At one point he even stated that Europe is non the bosom of civilisation but “ one of the dark topographic points of the Earth ” ( Conrad 5 ) . One would normally tie in darkness with evil, and the root of all evil is decidedly greed. By saying “ Europe is one of the dark topographic points of the Earth ” he is stating colonisation of Africa is based on greed and decidedly non for the benefit of the African indigens.

The bulk of the narrative takes topographic point in Africa, more specifically the Congo. The Congo in the Heart of Darkness represents the absence of restraint and order. It is a barbarous topographic point without civilisation where there are eternal possibilities, which in bend provides the chance for the outgrowth of darkness. As Marlow begins his descent in to the Congo, he observes the jungle from his ship, seeing pure wilderness for the first clip: ” watercourses of decease in life, whose Bankss were decomposing into clay, whose Waterss, thickened with sludge, invaded the writhed Rhizophora mangles that seemed to wrestle at us in the appendage of an impotent desperation. ” ( Conrad 21 ) . This dark imagination represents decease and agony within the wilderness, where there are no limitations and the capacity for immorality is eternal. Marlow ‘s journey through the Congo can be divided into three subdivisions: the outer station, cardinal station, and the interior station. These three Stationss each have increasing degrees of isolation and darkness.

When Marlow foremost arrives at the oral cavity of the Congo River, it becomes instantly evident that elating the indigens from their savageness is non the drive force behind the European mission. Marlow caught his first glance of European inhuman treatment toward the indigens when he sees six black work forces roped together and realizes that these people were non enemies or felons. They are, in fact, brutalized victims: ” brought from all the deferrals of the seashore in all the legality of clip contracts, lost in incompatible milieus, fed on unfamiliar nutrient, they sickened, became inefficient and were them allowed to creep off and rest. ” ( Conrad 25 ) . In world, the commanding value of efficient colonial disposal consists chiefly of working the indigens until they die and so replacing them with more victims. The Europeans that Marlow brushs are equipped with modern arms for the intent of supporting themselves against the ferine barbarians. In world, the indigens pose really small menace to the Europeans. In their ain selfish manner, the European settlers are allowing the darkness return over while demoing no involvement at all in breaking the Congo ‘s dwellers.

Finally Marlow ‘s arrive at the cardinal station, this is where the people saneness get downing to conk. During his stay Marlow sees a batch of white work forces who call themselves agents of the company, but they truly have no work to make.

As Marlow steamed up the Congo River toward the Inner Station, he was attacked by a group of indigens who shot pointers and hurled lances at him. Despite the onslaught, Marlow recalls this assault, ” the action was far from being aggressive-it was non even defensive, in the normally sense ; it was undertaken under the emphasis of despair, and in its kernel was strictly protective. ” ( Conrad 71 ) Subsequently on we learn that this onslaught was issued by Kurtz. Kurtz had lost his humanity and had gone insane. He is a perfect illustration of absolute immorality. While the work forces who work for the company describe what they do as trade, and their intervention of native Africans is portion of a benevolent undertaking of civilisation, Kurtz, on the other manus, is unfastened about the fact that he does non merchandise but instead takes tusk by force. He describes his ain intervention of the indigens with the words: ” kill off all the beasts! “ ( Conrad 83 ) . From Kurtz ‘s position, the most efficient manner to stamp down barbarian imposts among the indigens is to merely eliminate them. He does non conceal the fact that he regulations through force and bullying. Within the wilderness of the Congo where there are no Torahs or limitations, Kurtz was able to make whatever he wants and all this power had driven him toward his inner darkness. Harmonizing to transition 93, ” he came to them with boom and lightning, you know- and they had ne’er seen anything like it-and really awful. ” Kurtz knows the fact that the indigen are no menace to him due to his superior arm was able to advance himself to god position and do the indigens worship him. During the trip back to civilisation, Kurtz ‘s unwellness finally caught up to him and before he died, Kurtz cries out, ” The horror! The horror ” ( Conrad 116 ) . These last few words seem to be Kurtz ‘s contemplation on the events of his life and all the atrocious workss that he had done.