Biographical Sketch Toni Morrison English Literature Essay

With plants like The Bluest Eye, Song of Solomon, and Beloved, Toni Morrison has captivated audiences and revealed racial unfairnesss that have plagued the United States for coevalss. Throughout Morrison ‘s work, her life is invariably reflected in her books from past experiences and narratives from her male parent. This highly of import facet is really of import in Morrison ‘s novels, and should ever be considered. The life of Toni Morrison began in Lorain, Ohio in 1931. She was one of four kids in a middle-class household and was frequently told narratives about the community by her male parent. This is where Morrison gets her storytelling manner, and where she learned the abrasiveness of black civilization. Subsequently on, she managed to get a B.A. in English from Howard University, and a Maestro of Humanistic disciplines degree from Cornell University. After this, Morrison became a instructor in Huston, and married Harold Morrison shortly after.

When she divorced, she moved to Syracuse, New York and worked as an editor for Random House. Through this occupation, she helped impel black literature into the mainstream limelight, while invariably giving public talks. When she became a senior editor at Random House, she ended up printing The Bluest Eye every bit good as Sula, which both met widespread critical congratulations. Morrison went on to print many more novels including Beloved, which won the Pulitzer Prize, and continued to win multiple awards and nominations for her groundbreaking work in literature. In 1993, Morrison was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, a esteemed gift on Morrison for her strong ocular and poetic authorship manners. Morrison continues to recommend for racial equality, and works on the column board for The Nation magazine.

As an highly influential African American writer, Alice Walker ‘s life besides extremely influences the type of composing that she does, from unbelievable racial tenseness to minutes of compassion. These experiences started when Alice Walker was born in 1944, in Eatonton, Georgia. She was the youngest of 8 kids, her male parent was a sharecrop farmer. Her ma worked as a amah for low pay, in order to set Walker through college. Despite racial favoritism like the Jim Crowe Torahs, Alice still went to school and strived to acquire an instruction. When she was injured by a BB gun in the oculus, she took up a passion for poesy, and began what would be her composing calling. After graduating high school, Walker attended Spelman College in Atlanta, where she got involved in the civil rights motion. From here, she participated in things like the March on Washington, and helped with activism for inkinesss across the state.

Walker finally started printing verse forms and short narratives, with her first novel, The Third Life of Grange Copeland, being published in 1970. After this, she published the fresh Meridian in 1976, which is about southern activist workers during the Civil Rights motion. In 1982 she published The Color Purple, which became an huge success, and opened up the populace ‘s eyes about racial subjugation, force, and lasting in a racialist white civilization. Morrison continued to compose several other plants, including The Temple of My Familiar and Possessing the Secret of Joy which reinforced the thoughts of black battles throughout the history of the United States. Alice Walker ‘s manners were now clearly apparent: she shows the battles and adversities of inkinesss and adult females, while at the same clip exposing the inhuman treatment of civilization and how it is racist, sexist, and violent towards race. Feminism is besides to a great extent promoted in Alice Walker ‘s novels, as it is a reoccurring subject with adult female African American writers. Alice Walker is still a major advocator for African American equality today, being involved in political relations every bit good as fall ining others militants for causes like the Gaza Freedom March, and the Women for Peace motion.

The subjects apparent in Toni Morrison ‘s The Bluest Eye and Alice Walker ‘s The Color Purple span from victimhood and force, to racial subjugation and inequality. These subjects, though really consistent with African American authors, tend to show themselves in undeniable and irrefutable ways throughout these books, in a really similar manner throughout each novel. The grounds of racial unfairness, force, and beauty parallel each other in each novel, along with the burthening facet of functions in society. The Bluest Eye and The Color Purple precisely represent these feelings normally seen throughout the black community, and name attending to some of the most of import social constructions that are frequently overlooked.

The changeless thought and demand for an individuality or the structural footing for a “ correct ” one is frequently extant within the novels. The overarching thought of racial beauty, every bit good as social norms, is invariably impeding the chief characters Pecola and Celie. This theme serves as a footing for the full book The Bluest Eye, and is shown through Pecola in about every facet of the narrative. Even the book rubric represents Pecola ‘s yearning for a type of beauty that she ca n’t hold, and with Celie she is about physically labeled as “ ugly ” . The subject of individuality is invariably reoccurring in both of these books, demoing a stable foundation in African American literature and black civilization overall. Both Pecola and Celie experience this in about the same manner. Since they were both kids, they have about been taught what beautiful is. Since they are African American, this thought of beauty is about unapproachable by society ‘s criterions for Pecola and Celie, but they both still dream that they could be what society calls “ beautiful ” . Morrison describes the beauty from Pecola ‘s position that “ it had occurred to Pecola some clip ago that if her eyes, those eyes that held the images, and knew the sights-if those eyes of hers were different, that is to state, beautiful, she herself would be different ” and Pecola would be a beautiful individual ( Morrison 46 ) . This continues to expose that Pecola is endeavoring to conform to certain criterions, and that one time she is changed physically, that she could go an wholly different individual and that she could go forth her old, ugly self behind. Walker represents this subject clearly through Celie every bit good. Though Celie has about accepted her destiny, the subject is still present that Celie ‘s beauty affairs really much in society. As Celie explains, “ He laugh. Who you think you is? He state. You ca n’t cuss cipher. Look at you. You black, you pore, you ugly, you a adult female. Goddam, he say, you nil at all. “ ( Walker 206 ) . Celie ‘s beauty is taken into consideration even in the outside universe. Racial opinions are made, and the full thought of individuality is upheld by African Americans, making a spiral of judgements based within one ‘s ain race, and perpetuating the load and the societal job of African American misss holding to conform with certain beauty criterions.

With two plants greatly stand foring the African American community as a whole, it is easy to see potentially overlooked jobs and battles within black communities normally non seen by the populace. With subjects like force and individuality, it is easy to see the drastic similarities between these two texts. Toni Morrison ‘s The Bluest Eye and Alice Walker ‘s The Color Purple show a side of a community that is in a changeless province of battle, and expose issues that would non normally be seen by the mean white suburbanite. These two books portion the thought of a civilization that is full of tests and trials, and one that should be respected and examined. With two African American adult female characters, the battles of these adult females frequently portion common land, with subjects that can be clearly represented merely in a type of rich literature that these books display. With a common context of African American civilization, these books portion a rich apprehension of a society that is sometimes overlooked.