During and women to get their freedom

During the Gilded Age there were several movements that fought to get the freedom and the right to vote. The purpose of this essay is to present the tactics and effectiveness used by the African American men and women to get their freedom and right to vote during the Gilded Age. There were several prominent people that influence these movements such as Abraham Lincoln, Susan B Anthony, Carrie Chapman Catt, Alice Paul, etc. All of them fought for a common cause using different tactics that helped them to achieve their goals.
The expansion of the west and the abolition movement provoked debate over slavery primarily in the south. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln won the presidency. He was an advocate of the abolition of the slavery. The South did not want to give up the free labor. So, several states separated from the Union and they created the Confederacy States of America. Soon, the Civil War started. It ended after the Union took measurements as the Confiscation Acts and Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. The victory of the Union freed about four million slaves. President Lincoln urged Congress to legally outlaw slavery in America, by passing the 13th Amendment to the constitution in 1865, which abolished slavery and involuntary servitude. The 14th Amendment was added to the constitution to give former slaves the rights of U.S. Citizens. Then, the 15th Amendment was added to protect the right to vote for all citizens regardless of race.
The 15th amendment was the beginning of a constant battle for fairness, equal rights, justice, etc. African Americans were victims of violence, retaliation, protest, intimidation, reduced to second-class citizenship under the Jim Crow segregation system, and murder. Thus, African Americans sought the security of their rights though organizations such as National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the National Urban League and through individual efforts by reformers like Booker T. Washington, W.E.B DuBois, and A. Philip Randolph. Some of the tactics used by these organizations and the reforms were: public efforts, litigation strategies, etc.
For the women’s suffrage movement, the 15th Amendment made them to be outraged because they were not included on the right to vote. This led women to the movement of woman’s suffrage. Different associations were created and used different tactics to get the right to vote. Some of the tactics used by National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA) was to go from state to state winning the right to vote. Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton crated the American Equal Rights Association, which sought the equal rights of women and African Americans. Carrie Chapman Catt, president of the NAWSA, used the “played the race card”, where she used different tactics when she talked to the politicians in the South or the North. Alice Paul used drastic tactics such as protests, chaining herself and followers to the White House fence, hunger strikes, etc…
In conclusion, both movements significantly changed America forever. They used different tactics to overcome the challenges they confronted in the Gilded Area. Leaders, politics, ex-slaves, educators, etc. worked together for a common cause: the freedom and the right to vote for the African-American people. Today, there are organizations that fight for the human rights and the equality of the races.