Henrik Ibsen Play The Ghost English Literature Essay

During Henrik Ibsen ‘s earlier drama, Ghosts which challenged lip service in the society ‘s morality and had mentions to syphilis. The Norse populace was critical and gave him really hostile response. This in bend precipitated him to compose ‘An enemy of the People ‘ so as to demo how fed up he was on how he had earlier been treated.

An enemy of the people is a narrative about Dr. Stockmann who discovered that his place town baths had been polluted by waste and garbage from the tannery doing unwellness to the tourers. This happened despite the town puting a batch of public and private money in the underdeveloped baths. The town people expected a rush in tourers sing the town because of the baths which were believed to hold medicative value.

Dr. Stockmann gives confidence to the town ‘s people that the job will be fixed through the replacing of the H2O system. The physician insists that if the town ‘s people had adhered in the first topographic point to his advice on how best to construct drainages they wo n’t be confronting jobs.

He becomes an castaway in the town after confronting opposition from his brother the city manager, Hovstad the newspaper editor and many towns ‘ people due to his accent that the people need to mend the H2O pipes and the bath. He was unhappy with the town ‘s people lack of cognition.

The chief intent of this book was fundamentally to demo Henrik ‘s attitude towards the society in cognizing the truth. At the clip the drama was written in Europe in 1882, Henrik was of the sentiment that the edicts and beliefs of an person are comprised by the society.

The drama is centered on the manner a individual can be ostracized by the society yet he is endeavoring to assist them. The jobs that face the drama ‘s hero, Dr. Stockmann are the same that faced the writer after publication of Ghost. In fact Henrik notes that “ Dr. Stockmann and I got on magnificently together, we agreed on many topics ( Nothram 34 ) . Henrik writes about the in-between category and emphasizes on life in little towns and their suburbs.


In An Enemy of the People, Henrik speaks his ideas through Dr. Stockmann who is the chief character of the drama and represents the voice of the dramatist. He endeavors to talk the truth irrespective of confronting utmost societal intolerance. Henrik ‘s cardinal subject is an person ‘s responsibility on himself but non the conventions by the businessperson society that are out of day of the month.

Ideas sometimes grow old and truths dice. Harmonizing to Dr. Stockmann, there are no absolute rules of either wisdom or morality ( Ibsen 82 ) . The dramatist is indirectly mentioning to the hostile response he received in the earlier dramas. As Stockmann places it to the political oppositions ; “ Truths are by no means the wiry Methuselahs some people tend to believe. A usually fabricated truth lives about, 17 or 18, sometimes 20 but seldom over that. And truths every bit patriarchal as that are ever shockingly emaciated ” ( Ibsen 78 ) .

Embracing alteration is good highlighted in th drama as a subject. Despite the sentiments of the physician and the city manager staying consistent all through the drama, Aslaksen ‘s and Hovstad thoughts alteration.

It is apprehensible that the city manager does this so as to stay in power and the physician ‘s sentiments are based on morality and scientific discipline and non on political relations and economic sciences of the town. The newspaper adult male has assorted motive of his consistent alteration of sentiment in the drama. He is a left-of-center group who is interested in Petra, Dr. Stockmann ‘s girl. He besides has the motive of maintaining his paper in concern.


Dictatorship of the Majority

In the drama An Enemy of the People, the bulk are seen as being autocrats. The leaders are loath and afraid to make the right things merely because they are at the clemency of their topics. The sentiment of the bulk is seen as the foundation on how the people in a peculiar society are governed. The positions of the minority nevertheless good are disregarded.

Majority is Broad

The bulk of the society demand advancement and reforms, nevertheless, they do n’t care of the negative effects caused by their actions. This may be due to the fact that the bulk is non intellect to make right things because they are afraid of the hazards.

Manipulation of the Majority

Henrik illustrates that the bulk can be manipulated by leaders. The bulk do non govern straight, but the fright of the bulk make the leaders rule venally.

Free thought

This term is used really frequently in the drama apart from the city manager and Aslaksen all characters claim that they are free minds. None of them except Dr. Stockmann sticks by this claim. When Stockmann accuses Hovstad of being a free mind, Hovstad denies this claiming he has ne’er said he is a free mind while in private but non in public sphere.

This proves Dr. Stockmann ‘s logical thinking that “ intelligent persons do non move on their sentiments merely because they fear the sentiment of the bulk ( Ibsen 82 ) . In a democratic society, free thought can be compared to revolutionary.

At the terminal of the drama, An Enemy of the people, Dr. Stockmann ‘s alterations his place many a times. In the beginning he is proud to be ‘an enemy of the people ‘ , but early in the Act V he says that the words wound him and are lodged on his bosom ( Ibsen,90 ) The lone things consistent with him is his sense of award and his short pique.

He embraces partly the rubric of the enemy of the people with irony. This is seen when he attacks Hovstad and Aslaksen with a cane.

Dr. Stockmann speaks against dictatorship propagated by the bulk, but still he is happy to be Hovstad ‘s enemy despite Hovstad holding a batch control and power. He calls himself an enemy of the people while connoting sardonically that Hovstad who is corrupt is he existent enemy. Despite being righteous, Dr. Stockmann makes determinations that make his life harder. He chooses to stay in town merely because he is angry and wants to go on contending.

In Act II, the city manager accuses Dr. Stockmann of being resentful to authorization ( Ibsen 36 ) . This in kernel implies that the physician likes assailing authorization at will. Therefore, the physician ‘s place when the drama ends as a consequence of his morality every bit good as his noncompliant personality.