To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is one of the most interesting novel using the usage of the guiltless kid, Scout turning up to narrate the narrative in her ain experience. The novel is set in the 1950 ‘s during the highs of Americans segregations of the Blacks and Whites. This fresh discusses the different facets in the society such as inequality, good and bad among other sensitive issues. Critics see the topographic point of puting the novel, Maycomb is like Monroeville, Alabama where the writer was born. This essay explores how Harper Lee uses different literary devices such character, symbolism, nonliteral linguistic communication, struggle, imagination and tone to uncover the major subjects in her novel.
The chief thought of this essay is to discourse how Harper Lee brings out her subjects through the usage of different literately manners. Among the manners is the usage of characters. The chief character is a nine-year-old miss, Scout. She is the supporter and the narrative is told from her point of position. Lookout is portrayed as an remarkably immature miss with exceeding qualities. She grows from the artlessness of a kid to adulthood. She approaches life innocently believing that everyone is good merely like them in their family. Her first disappointment sets in when the jury convicts the evidently guiltless black Tom Robinson, who was accused of ravishing a White adult female, Mayella Ewell. Scout and Jem learn the difference between the good and evil that exists in the society and must keenly understand the human nature ( Lee, P. 247 ) . Lookout and Jem are besides used to demo the subject of racism that existed between the Black and Whites in Maycomb. Scout tries to understand the differences between the Blacks and Whites. She attended the Black church and enjoys the experience. She would wish to see Calpurnia place but her aunt would non hold. Jem, Scout and Dill believe in racial equality. They observe the guiltless Tom being convicted of colza and this incident truly convey struggle to their guiltless heads about human nature. The household of Atticus represents the good people in the society who respect everyone irrespective of societal category or race while Bob Ewell represent the true immorality who would desire to kill the kids towards the terminal of the narrative ( Lee, Chap, 288. ) .
Tone is another of import literary technique used by Harper Lee. Scout ‘s tone is used to state the narrative. The tone is guiltless, childlike and humourous. This shows the good nature in which Atticus has brought her up. However, as she grows up and experiences the evil side of human nature, her tone alterations and becomes more critical of the society she lives. The sentence of Tom tortures her guiltless head. She learns that even thought Tom is guiltless ; he is convicted because he is Black accused of ravishing a White miss. Racism, frailties in the society are some of the subjects that shape the tone of the novel from the storyteller ‘s point of position.
Harper Lee uses deep symbols to pass on her subjects. She uses “ mockingbird ” to stand for the good and pureness of the society. Miss Maudie explains that mockers do non make anybody any injury. They merely sing peacefully and therefore it is iniquitous to kill them ( Lee, Chap 10 p. 7 ) . Mockingbird is used to stand for the good people in the society wrongly accused or killed. Tom Robinson represents the good that is wrongly accused and convicted and subsequently killed while seeking to get away the prison. Boo Radley is another mocker ; he protects the kids from the homicidal Bob Ewell. The sheriff has to protect him because he is a mockingbird making no injury to anyone. All he did was to protect the guiltless kids from true immorality. Bob Ewell is a symbol of immorality in the society.
Harper uses struggle in the novel to drive her subject of good and evil in the society. The novel has two conflicting forces ; the good and evil. Lookout and Jem believed that everyone is good. But during the sentence of Tom Robinson below the belt, they become baffled and their guiltless heads is subjected to struggles sing human nature. These struggles bring about the subjects of racism, struggle human nature peculiarly with Miss Gate who is racialist. Her statement outside the courtroom is clear in struggle with equality in America. These Acts of the Apostless of immoralities cause them struggle in their guiltless heads. They continue to believe in the true nature of world. These struggles show that whatever is righteous will ever predominate over evil, merely like Bob Ewell is prevailed upon by the well intentioned Boo Radley ( Lee, Chap 31, p. 288 ) . Harper Lee besides uses other literary techniques such as imagination, nonliteral, flashback, watercourse of consciousness but we have concentrated merely on the three to convey out the subjects clearly.
To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is a fresh rich in subjects every bit good as the usage of different literary devices to convey out the subjects. Her pick of the chief character, Scout to state the narrative from her point of position lets the reader have the first manus experience of the events of the narrative. She matures with experiences of the society she lives. The narrative is humorously and innocently told, sometimes the storyteller express joying at her ain naivetes ‘ during her childhood. All the characters used in this novel have a function to play in developing the subjects, and secret plans of the narrative. Subjects are besides good brought out. From the moral instruction of the Atticus, the moral degeneracy of Bob Ewell to the racism Tom Robinson experience can all the seen through several characters and usage of linguistic communication in the novel. The novel makes an interesting reading.