World War II caused greater devastation than any other war in history. The war took the lives of about 17 million soldiers and an even greater figure of civilians. who died as a consequence of bombardments. famishment. and calculated runs of mass slaying. The war besides ushered in the atomic age and was rapidly followed by the prostration of the wartime confederation between the United States and the Soviet Union and the beginning of the Cold War. World War I created the conditions that led to World War II.
The peace colony stoping the war. which stripped the Central Powers of district and weaponries and required them to pay reparations. left permanent resentment in Germany. Austria. Bulgaria. Hungary. and Turkey. The peace pact besides disappointed two of the masters. Italy and Japan. In add-on. the war badly disrupted Europe’s economic systems and helped put the phase for the Great Depression of the 1930s. General histories of the war. which examine the war’s origins. military history. and effects. include John Keegan. The Second World War ( 1989 ) ; C.
L. Sulzberger and Stephen E. Ambrose. American Heritage New History of World War II ( 1997 ) ; and Gerhard L. Weinberg. A World at Weaponries: A Global History of World War II ( 1994 ) . Valuable mention plants include I. C. B. Dear and M. R. D. Foot. explosive detection systems. . The Oxford Companion to the Second World War ( 1995 ) ; John Ellis. World War II: A Statistical Survey ( 1993 ) ; and John Keegan. erectile dysfunction. . The Times Atlas to the Second World War ( 1989 ) . To understand the war’s result. see Richared Overy. Why the Allies Won ( 1995 ) .
The most thorough and balanced recent history of the American function in World War II is David M. Kennedy. Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War. 1929-1945 ( 1999 ) . which examines the causes of U. S. engagement in the struggle. wartime diplomatic negotiations. military scheme. and the war’s economic and societal deductions. The inquiry of how Japan was able to transport out its successful surprise onslaught on Pearl Harbor is exhaustively examined in Gordon W.
Prange. At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor ( 1982 ) . The war’s European theatre is discussed in Stephen L. McFarland and Wesley Phillips Newton. To Command the Sky: The Battle for Air Superiority Over German. 1942-1944 ( 1991 ) ; Nathan Miller. War at Sea: A Naval History of World War II ( 1995 ) ; and James Polmar and T. B. Allen. World War II ( 1996 ) . Soldiers’ wartime experiences are examined in Gerald F. Linderman. The World Within War: America’s Combat Experience in World War II ( 1997 ) .
On the Pacific War. see John Dower. War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War ( 1986 ) . Akira Iriye. Power and Culture: The Japanese-American War. 1941-1945 ( 1981 ) . and Ronald Spector. Eagle Against the Sun ( 1985 ) World War II transformed the American homefront. It jump-started the economic system ; ended Depression-era unemployment. resettled Americans in unprecedented Numberss. and for good altered the position of adult females. striplings. and racial minorities in American life. The war’s impact on the homefront is analyzed in William L.
O’Neill. A Democracy at War: America’s Fight at Home and Abroad in World War II ( 1993 ) . Oral histories from the war old ages can be found in Studs Terkel. The Good War ( 1984 ) . World War II had a dramatic impact on women’s lives. The most seeable alteration involved the visual aspect of big Numberss of adult females in unvarying. as more than 250. 000 adult females joined the WACs. the Army Nurses Corps. the WAVES. and the Navy Nurses Corps. The war besides challenged the conventional image of female behaviour. as “Rosie the Riveter” became the popular symbol of adult females who worked in defence industries.
Wartime transmutations in women’s lives are examined in Susan M. Hartmann. The Homefront and Beyond: Womans in the 1940s ( 1982 ) and D’Ann Campbell. Women at War with America: Private Lifes in a Patriotic Era ( 1984 ) . World War II affected kids and adolescents no less than adult females. In fact. the word “teenager” foremost appeared during the war. William M. Tuttle. Jr. . Daddy’s Gone to War: The Second World War in the Lifes of America’s Children ( 1993 ) traces the alterations in immature peoples’ lives. During World War II. African Americans waged conflicts on two foreparts.
They helped the state win the war overseas and pressed for equal rights at place. This double battle for triumph against fascism and favoritism. known as the “Double V” run. is examined in Neil Wynn. The African-american and the Second World War ( 1976 ) . The internment of 112. 000 mainland Nipponese Americans. one of the most black chapters in American history. is examined in Peter Irons. Justice at War: The Story of the Nipponese Internment Cases ( 1983 ) . A 1942 authorities study on the Pearl Harbor onslaught. written by Supreme Court Justice Owen J.
Roberts. which claimed without back uping grounds that the Japanese had received support from some Nipponese Americans. helped to make a clime of sentiment that led to internment. World War II marked the morning of the atomic age. The development of atomic arms is exhaustively examined in Richard Rhodes. The Making of the Atomic Bomb ( 1986 ) . The determination to drop two atomic bombs on Japan remains one of the most controversial determinations in military history. Martin Sherwin. A World Destroyed: The Atomic Bomb and the Grand Alliance ( 1975 ) analyzes the factors that went into this determination.