The Lewis and Clark expedition was the first overland geographic expedition to the Pacific seashore and back conducted by the United States. The crew was lead by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Besides accompanied by Toussaint Charbonneau and Sacajawea. The chief end of the crew was to accurately derive an thought of the resources exchanged in the Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 created involvement in spread outing America to the West Coast. Neither France or America knew how much land they had merely dealt with and shortly after, a few hebdomads subsequently. President Thomas Jefferson had Congress cod $ 2,500 for an expedition to the West Coast. Thomas Jefferson begins composing letters to Meriwether Lewis an Army Captain, incorporating the chief ends Jefferson laid out for the expedition. These ends consist of researching the Missouri River and class of watercourse with the Pacific Ocean. Look for what offers the most direct and operable H2O manner across the continent. In add-on he requested the expedition was to larn more about natural resources, dwellers and topographic points for perchance colony in the Northwest. As good President Thomas Jefferson requested that the expedition measure the possible intervention with Gallic Canadian and British trappers and huntsmans who already settled in the country.
Meriwether Lewis the U.S. Army Captain accepts the petition laid out by Thomas Jefferson and Lewis selects William Clark as his spouse. Officially William Clark ‘s rank was Second Lieutenant at the clip but Meriwether Lewis concealed this from the work forces and shared leading of the expedition. The expedition party of 33 including a big figure of persons who participated in enlisting and preparation during the winter presenting country at Camp Dubois, Illinois Territory. Where they departed and began at that place two twelvemonth historic journey on May 14, 1804. They met up with Meriwether Lewis in Saint Charles, Missouri. The squad went westward on the Missouri River go throughing the last Caucasic colony on the Missouri River, La Charrette. The crew flowed through the Missouri to what is now Omaha, Nebraska and Kansas City, Missouri. The expedition suffered its lone decease on August 20, 1804. Sergeant Charles Floyd seemingly fell badly from acute appendicitis. He was buried in what is now Sioux City, Iowa. Lewis and Clark had reached the border of the Great Plains and were easy come ining Sioux district. The Yankton Sioux the first tribe the expedition met, were reported being more peaceable so neighbour folks. They traded goods and the Yankton warned about the Teton Sioux farther upstream. Hostility grew when gifts were traded both sides prepared to contend but at the last minute both sides fell back and they expedition rapidly continued on there trip due west. Later that winter they entered the Mandan folk district.
This country becomes there place for the winter of 1804-1805. The squad built Fort Mandan. Over there remain in contemporary North Dakota the expedition by and large had good dealingss with the Mandan folk. This Fort and those dealingss secured a really of import portion in the expedition. This is when Lewis and Clark employed a Canadian pelt trapper named Toussaint Charbonneau. With who in combination his married woman Sacajawea significantly helped voyage and interpret for the expedition. Later that Spring of 1805, some members of the squad went back place from Fort Mandan. They brought along with them a study of what had been discovered, 68 mineral specimens, one-hundred and eight zoological specimens and a map of the United States done by William Clark. Some of the animate beings sent back arrived to President Thomas Jefferson alive, like a prairie Canis familiaris. Lewis and Clark and the remainder of the squad continued upstream to the headwaters of Missouri. They so went down the mountains via canoes by the Clearwater River and Columbia River. Into was is now Portland, Oregon. At this point it is rumored that Clark carved into a large pine tree on Mount Hood ?William Clark December 3rd 1805. By land from the U. States in 1804 & amp ; 1805.? The party took a ballot on whether to bivouac on the South or North side of the Columbia River. The expedition agreed to bivouac on the South side of the river, where they built Fort Clatsop. While Staying in Fort Clatsop for the winter of 1805-1806, the work forces prepared for the trek back place by runing moose, boiling salt from the ocean and trading with the native folk. After lasting a unsmooth winter the expedition began their trip place on March 23, 1806. The adventurers used dugout canoes they traded for with the Native Americans. After traversing the Continental Divide on July 3, the expedition divided into two squads. Lewis ‘ group explored the Marias River and met some Native American Blackfeet. Later that dark the two Blackfeet tried to steal the adventurers arms and the lone native deceases accounted for the expedition ‘s continuance occurred that dark. Lewis and his crew fled the following twenty-four hours over one 100 stat mis before bivouacing once more. Meanwhile, Clark and his crew entered Crow Territory. This folk was ill-famed for being Equus caballus stealers. At dark, half of the squad ‘s Equus caballuss were gone, and non a individual Crow was seen. Both parties subsequently met each other in Yellowstone on August, 11 1806. While reuniting, a huntsman in Clark ‘s crew nearsighted in one oculus and the other one blind, mistook Lewis for an moose and hit wounding Lewis in the upper leg. Once everything was made clear and the squads reunited they rapidly returned place via the Missouri Rive and reached St. Louis on September 23, 1806.