Literature And The Theory Of Knowledge English Literature Essay

“ Art is a prevarication that brings us nearer to the truth. ” Pablo Picasso. Literature is one of the most powerful and widely enjoyed art signifiers in society. When discoursing Picasso ‘s claim in relation to literature it is imperative to observe that prevarication in this sense is an illustration of a exaggeration, in that ‘lie ‘ is an hyperbole of the existent purpose of art. ‘Lie ‘ is non used with its usual significance. Rather than an untruthful statement, a ‘lie ‘ , here, refers to a metaphor for mental or physical world. Thus Literature, as art, is the manner of building such a metaphor. The 2nd portion of the quotation mark states that through the ‘lie ‘ that is art we are brought ‘nearer to the truth ‘ . Picasso is mentioning to the creative person ‘s aspiration which is to do a representation of world that brings out some underlying truth. In peculiar a truth which in world would non otherwise be perceived. Thus we are brought ‘nearer to the truth ‘ because it would otherwise travel unnoticed when looking at the original world instead the ‘lie ‘ which emphasises the truth.

A In literature as in all the countries of cognition truth is subjective. Truths in scientific discipline or mathematics will be boundlessly different to those told through art. The inquiry is so posed if literature is the ‘lie ‘ through which truths are told what are these truths? Traditionally truths in scientific discipline would be empirical, that which is capable to trials and confirmation. However this is non the instance in art alternatively there is something deeper, something alone to art. What sort of truth is it so, which can non be expressed as an empirical statement? Ursula K. LeGuinn stated that, “ It is an creative person ‘s occupation to state that which can non be said in words. A novelist is an creative person whose medium is words. That is, it is a novelist ‘s occupation to state, in words, that which can non be said in words! In order to make this, we use a technique called ‘the prevarication ‘ ” The inquiry is so posed if literature is the ‘lie ‘ through which truths are told what are these truths? And if such truths come from ‘lies ‘ how can they be believable?

The common trait which sets apart art, and therefore literature, from other countries of cognition is that it is built from human experience. Every creative person, poet or novelist infuses some facet of their human experience into their plants and therein lies the truth. Unlike empirical truths in scientific discipline those in literature and so all art are shown to us instead than told. It can besides be said that novelists seek to hold us to the full comprehend both emotionally and logically what we might already cognize. Thus the truth itself may be able to be stated but the novelist provinces it in such a manner as to carry us – to demo us. Literature seeks non simply to pass on an rational truth, but instead to pass on a sort of practical and emotional wisdom Novels are written aboutA the author’sA perceptionA ofA the authorA about a certain affair inA his life or the universe, which he has experienced.A It is non subjected to trials or confirmation it is full and uninhibited. The truths it provides relate to the human status therefore throughout history literature has provided readers with penetrations into their universe which they otherwise would non hold seen. George Orwell ‘s 1984 depicts aA society where life in theA OceanianA state ofA Airstrip OneA is a universe of war, governmentA surveillance, and publicA head control. Orwell ‘s fictional novel provided an intricate penetration into a totalitarian government. Through the fictional work he was able to edify his readers on ‘truths ‘ about totalitarian societies. AA North Korean defectorA featured in the bookA Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lifes in North KoreaA said it was astonishing how Orwell ‘s Oceania included many aspects akin to the workings of the North Korean system. ( Shelden, Michael.1991.A Orwell-The Authorized Biography. New York: Harper Collins )

In his quotation mark Picasso refers to art as a prevarication, here so we refer to literature, the art, as a prevarication. It begs the inquiry so what is the prevarication in literature? Fictional literature is, in the class of seeking higher truths and supplying understanding, in non stating the truth. Novelists create plants of deliberate falsity and through hyperbole and by foregrounding those things which we forget to comprehend and through unreal focal point they create plants which are calculated deceits of world. Those words have, through their fiction, informed and comforted human existences and in making so hold helped them to specify themselves and see the world of the universe around them. Abraham Rothberg summarised the power of fiction as a prevarication — that is, a made-up, imagined untrue creative activity — to present us to the lives of others we might ne’er otherwise know or meet, or dramatis personae visible radiation on that which we do cognize, every bit good as give us insight into our ain lives.A William LedererA andA Eugene Burdick highlighted the incompetency and ignorance of US functionaries abroad in their 1958 novel The Ugly American. Their fictional work depicted the United States ‘ losing battle againstA Communism in a state in South East Asia because of unconditioned haughtiness and the failure to understand the local civilization.

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In literature possibly the most fitting illustration of a prevarication conveying us nearer to the truth is modernist fiction. Joseph Conrad, whose Heart of Darkness, is sometimes referred to as the first modernist novel stated that his purpose was through, “ the power of the written word to do you hear, to do you experience… before all, to do you see. If I win, you shall happen… that glance of truth for which you have forgotten to inquire. ” Modernism took off in the early twentieth century, the novelists of this clip were staggering from the terminal of the first universe war and the ferociousness of colonialism. They began to see their new universe as fractured, brainsick and in interrupting off from the confines of Victorian romanticism their plants began to reflect the universe as such. Therefore to the general populace who otherwise were nescient to the rough world of their milieus these modernist plants such as Heart of Darkness, Lord of the Fliess and Ulysses were eye-opening remarks on the blunt world of the human status at this clip. Through these fictional novels readers were brought nigher to the ‘truth ‘ , a truth in the signifier of a perceptual experience of their fractured universe which they otherwise would non hold seen.