Looking At Macbeths Downfall English Literature Essay

Macbeth, is William Shakespeares shortest calamity and one of his chef-d’oeuvre drama written between 1603 and 1607. The drama is about a Scots general and Thane of Glamis name Macbeth whose overruling aspiration to be King of Scotland, disregarding his scruples brought about his ruin. Throughout the drama Macbeth non merely slayings King Duncan and assume the throne, but besides his friend Banquo and Mcduff ‘s household pitilessly to procure his rubric. Macbeth knows his programs to assume the throne is beastly yet continues to attest them. He feels guilty and his moral scruples tortures him till the terminal of the drama which makes him even though unsympathetic, a tragic hero who dies in the terminal.

Macbeth ( thane of Glamis ) was unsure of them coming true. However when Ross announces that the King had honored him the rubric Thane of Cawdor, he instantly thinks of slaying King Duncan to be male monarch of Scotland which is the following prognostication told by the enchantresss. Such evil ideas have so dawned in him in the first act itself turn outing that the ruin of Macbeth, the dramas tragic hero lies non outside of control but “ unleashed by one adult male ‘s iniquitous moral pick ” ( Ribner 147 ) . It was Macbeth himself who foremost thought of slaying to derive the throne fast. He would instead non patiently wait, and there was no 1 else to be blamed but him, who thought of killing as the manner to carry through his aspirations. Macbeth ‘s deep desire to be male monarch is farther seen in Act one Scene four,

“ MACBETH ( aside )

The prince of Cumberland! That is a measure

On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap,

For in my manner it lies. Stars, conceal your fires ;

Let non light see my black and deep desires.

The oculus blink of an eye at the manus, yet allow that be

Which the oculus frights, when it is done, to see ” ( Shakespeare 861 ) .

Through these lines, it is apparent that Macbeth still hangs on to the unreliable thought of slaying of the rightful male monarch of Scotland, and hence he himself is the incentive and Godhead for his evil programs. Ambitions can be positive or negative and in Macbeth ‘s instance it ‘s was surely negative. “ The aspiration of Macbeth leads to effects that he justly sees as unwanted, even incorrect. Killing the male monarch is rather clearly a unlawful act ” ( Keller 53 ) . Thus Macbeth was destroyed by the programs “ which he himself sets in gesture ” ( Ribner 148 ) .

Lady Macbeth was frequently accused of alluring Macbeth to slay King Duncan and usurp throne of Scotland. She is symbolized as Eve alluring the snake who brought about her hubby ‘s ruin. “ Lady Macbeth here is the alluring snake and, of class, is besides the deceive ” ( Coursen 376 ) . Macbeth is equated to Adam in the Bible, who fell from grace to be condemned on Earth for being tempted by Eve who was equated to Lady Macbeth every bit good. “ Any treatment of Adam ‘s enticement or of Macbeth ‘s must affect Eve-or Lady Macbeth-the component of feminine persuasion, the goad of which Macbeth to slay ” . ( Coursen 379 ) However the blaming of Lady Macbeth as the chief ground of Macbeth ‘s immoral determination devising must be questioned. To a certain grade, Lady Macbeth did promote her hubby to slay King Duncan, but impeaching her for his ruin is non true. This is because ; in Act one scene “ three itself the idea of slaying had dawned ” in Macbeth. It is merely in Act one Scene five did Lady Macbeth, received a missive and the idea of slaying came into her head.

“ Under my crenelations. Come, you spirits

That tend on mortal ideas, unsex me here,

And make full me from the Crown to the toe top-full

Of direst inhuman treatment. Make thick my blood.

Stop up the entree and transition to remorse ” . ( Shakespeare 862 ) .

Therefore, doing it clear that Macbeth was manner in front of Lady Macbeth to be after the decease of King Duncan. She so becomes a protagonist for Macbeth to attest his desires and non the chief ground for his ruin.

Harmonizing to the three enchantresss, Banquo ‘s dead persons will go up the throne of Scotland as male monarchs. To procure his rubric, Macbeth so hatches a secret plan to kill Banquo and his boy Fleance. However, he did non consolidate or state his married woman about it even though he calls her “ my dearest spouse of illustriousness ” . ( Shakespeare 861 ) . Hence it is evident, that Lady Macbeth ‘s portion as his spouse in evil workss in the drama ends when King Duncan was murdered.

“ Macbeth

Be inexperienced person of the cognition, dearest chow,

Till thou applaud the title.

Thou marvel’st at my words: but hold thee still.

Thingss bad begun make strong themselves by ailment.

So, prithee, travel with me ” . ( Shakespeare 870 ) .

Devilish workss afterlife where done by Macbeth himself. This proves Macbeth himself was the primary ground for his ruin.

Macbeth, is good cognizant from the beginning of the drama till the really terminal that his actions and programs are immoral and evil to the nucleus. Even so he continues to perpetrate wickedness after wickedness to populate up to his aspirations. Denying his good side, Macbeth lets the badness within him to take over his psyche to go unreliable, homicidal and becomes metaphorically the Satan. “ Like the Satan, Macbeth from the beginning is cognizant of the immorality he embraces, and like the Satan he can ne’er abdicate his free-willed moral pick once it has been made. It is therefore appropriate that the force of immorality in Macbeth be symbolized by Satan ‘s ain wickedness of aspiration ” ( Ribner 149 ) . As consequences of his unreliable act, his scruples dwells in guilt and therefore he could non kip.

“ Macbeth

Still it cried, “ Sleep no more! ” to all the house.

“ Glamis hath murdered sleep, and hence Cawdor

Shall sleep no more. Macbeth shall kip no more ” ( Shakespeare 865 ) .

Furthermore, Macbeth and his married woman grew farther apart and his Lords started to contemn him, which led him to gain the name autocrat. Therefore, it is apparent that Macbeth ‘s ruin lies non outside of control, because he was the manager of his evil secret plans and so was defeated in the terminal. He intentionally rejected God and “ the jurisprudence of nature ” ( Ribner 150 ) . Macbeth knows right and incorrect, wickedness and moral and what are treachery and fidelity, yet he denies his cognition in order to accomplish his aspiration to be the King of Scotland and his posterities every bit good. Good workss will be blessed and bad workss lead to penalty and Macbeth deserves ruin for his inhuman treatment. ” His voluntary pick of evil moreover, closes the manner of salvation to him, for in denying nature he cuts off the beginning of salvation, and he must stop in entire devastation and desperation ” ( Ribner 150 ) .

The three enchantresss in the drama Macbeth were besides accused like Lady Macbeth as the cause of Macbeth ‘s ruin. Enchantresss are a symbol of immorality. There are foul and normally lead people astray with their dark thaumaturgy and anticipations On the contrary, Macbeth who knew these truths, decides anyhow to entirely believe in the three enchantresss and their prognostications. All the anticipations they gave Macbeth on Act one Scene three did came true but with a brawny monetary value in return which was his peace. That did non halt from him from seeking their prognostications once more. It was Macbeth who seeks their anticipations cognizing them to be evil beldams and non the enchantresss who came after him. In Act four Scene one, their anticipations were,

“ First Apparition

Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff. Beware the thane of Fife.


Be violent, bold, and house. Laugh at the power of other work forces, because cipher born from a adult female will of all time harm Macbeth.


Be brave like the king of beasts and proud. Do n’t even worry about who hates you, who resents you, and who conspires against you. Macbeth will ne’er be defeated until Birnam Wood Marches to contend you at Dunsinane Hill ” ( Shakespeare 874 ) .

“ Fair is disgusting, and foul is just ” ( Shakespeare 858 ) . Macbeth believed every word they mentioned and construct over assurance within him. Furthermore, the more barbarous workss he did in order to salvage his rubric. For illustration, killing Macduff ‘s household was non merely merciless but a cowardly act as good. Banquo had besides received prognostications that his dead persons will be king. However he was far more cautious and wiser than Macbeth so believing those enchantresss.


But ‘t is unusual.

And oftentimes, to win us to our injury,

The instruments of darkness tell us truths,

Win us with honest trifles, to bewray ‘s

In deepest effect ” ( Shakespeare 860 ) .

As Banquo doubted, the prognostications told by the enchantresss were non what they seem. What is worst, the enchantresss tormented Macbeth so they could derive pleasance but Macbeth lost it all.

“ Hecate

And, which is worse, all you have done

Hath been but for a contrary boy,

Despiteful and wroth, who, as others do,

Loves for his ain terminals, non for you ” ( Shakespeare 873 ) .

In the terminal, Macbeth brought about his ain ruin believing in those wicked enchantresss and disregarding his moral scruples. “ He relies upon this promise, swearing the prognostication of the enchantresss to the really last, and therefore unwittingly conveying about his ain devastation and the damages of natural order ” ( Ribner 152 ) .

King Duncan trusted that Macbeth was really loyal to him. He rewarded non merely the rubric Thane of Cawdor but besides stayed in Macbeth ‘s residence to observe their triumph against the rebellions of the Kingdom. This deep trust was so used by Macbeth against Duncan to accomplish his aspirations. Macbeth besides knows that Duncan and his boies are the rightful Kings for Scotland.Yet he decides to slay King Duncan who was in his topographic point and without protection. This shows that Macbeth does non care for Scotland as long he fulfills his desires. His greed victory over his scruples and Macbeth kills the rightful male monarch of Scotland.

“ Macbeth

He ‘s here in dual trust:

First, as I am his kinsman and his topic,

Strong both against the title ; so, as his host,

Who should against his liquidator shut the door,

Not bear the knife myself. Besides, this Duncan

Hath borne his modules so mild, hath been

So clear in his great office, that his virtuousnesss

Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against

The deep damnation of his taking-off ;

After Macbeth becomes male monarch, the whole of Scotland was non in peace.Macbeth could non mend his married woman and convey about harmoniousness in Scotland which proves that Macbeth is non the rightful male monarch of Scotland. Next, Macbeth knows that the penalty for perfidy would be executing. He knew that the old Thane of Cawdor was executed for raising rebellions against King Duncan. However Macbeth returns to slay King Duncan, turn outing that he went against the jurisprudence of his state to fulfill his greed and dreams. “ Cawdor executing in the gap scenes as a failure of didactic-ism, both on the province and theatre scaffolds: the model treasonist ‘s address does non teach Macbeth to avoid lese majesty but potentially offers him a theoretical account, a namesake even, for his ain condemnable desires ” ( Lemon 28 ) . Overwhelming greed “ marshaled forces of his ethical thought ” ( Keller 47 ) and made Macbeth a large also-ran in the terminal. Hence, brought about his ruin by his ain extreme greed to accomplish what he wanted which was non truly his.

In decision, much of what contributes to Macbeth ‘s ruin lies non outside of control. His evil aspiration and unethical behavior were the primary grounds for his licking and decease. Blaming entirely on feminine immorality who are the enchantresss and Lady Macbeth for Macbeth ‘s failure is unacceptable. The enchantresss were cheats and Lady Macbeth played a little portion in back uping him in his immorality title throughout the drama. Macbeth ‘s violent death of the male monarch made him unrecorded and regulation in fright, doing him susceptible to more unethical thought and secret plans. Therefore, Macbeth our tragic hero in this drama accepts evil in the 3rd scene of the drama. In the 2nd act he commits the title to which his pick of evil must necessarily take him, and for the concluding three Acts of the Apostless, as he rises higher in worldly power he sinks deeper and deeper into evil, until at the terminal of the drama he is utterly and eventually destroyed ” ( Ribner 147 ) .

Work Cited