Looking At William Somerset Maugham English Literature Essay

English novelist William Somerset Maugham one time said, If a state values anything more than freedom, it will lose its freedom ; and the sarcasm of it is that if it is comfort or money that it values more, it will lose that excessively. I believe Maugham is boding conformance taking over in society where the people are losing their ain individuality by prosecuting their blatant signifiers of contentment. The common belief of obtaining complete felicity through external agencies will finally do the death of a society. Edwin Robinsons Richard Cory and W.H. Audens The Unknown Citizen speak volumes about the chase of felicity. The implicit in subject of both verse forms is non what appears on the outside, but what felicity may or may non put within. Each verse form satires the common perceptual experience of conformance and wealth taking to happiness. What each poet is seeking to state the reader is that internal felicity is worth more in life than all the wealths and normalcies of the universe.

If you are every bit affluent as a baronial male monarch or every bit hapless as an ill-famed slave the thought of felicity for most people is merely skin deep. Peoples have this construct that such a unflawed adult male as Richard Cory could ne’er turn out to be a adult male of wretchedness because all his external demands were satisfied.

Richard Cory was described as a adult male who fluttered pulsations when he talked ( 7 ) and glittered when he walked ( 8 ) ; what more could he inquire for?

As I attempt to acquire inside the head of a self-destructive adult male, I begin to do a few cardinal realisations of Richard Corys mind. The common-folk had no thought the mask he presented to the universe when, in fact, he was in hurting. He was softly arrayed. ( 5 ) There was no reference of the emotions of Richard Cory which implies no one knew of his true feeling ; they were merely perceived as they sought tantrum. Being such an of import figure of the town, as good of any person of power or leading, Richard Cory felt it was merely to maintain his internal battles at bay. An analogy by Levi Costanza fits absolutely within Richard Cory:

You can non act upon true friendly relationship and complete felicity by the size of your billfold. A male monarch may sit upon his throne for his full life and number his gold, but that throne, no affair the size or comfort could ne’er replace the delectation and heat of another human being. And as that gold easy collects dust over clip its twinkle will melt and so will he. Money can purchase anything in the full universe except the things that matter most in life, such as love, repose, and contentment.

Richard Cory was a premier illustration off imperfectness in a apparently perfect universe. Robinson uses Cory as a parable for societies need for conformance and normalcy which finally produces inauspicious consequences. Richard Cory was considered a perfect adult male, but the poem suggests Richard Cory was entirely in the universe because there is no reference of a household, married woman, or even close friend. Although his supporters saw his successes as being gettable, but in world, Richard Cory felt his life was a mirror failure.

Wystan Hugh Audens verse form entitled the Unknown Citizen is about the semblance of the mean citizen and the mundane life style that entails such and mean citizen. In order to hold a basic citizen, Auden inputs the influences of a governmental power that has control over its citizens. This type of authorities control, although a apparently impossible political orientation from todays point of view, was a popular belief during the fortiess. As explained throughout the verse form, the Bureau of Statistics ( Auden, 1 ) was new subdivision of the authorities whose exclusive intent was to research and speculate its citizens.

Auden smartly entitles the verse form the Unknown Citizen because even though the adult male in inquiry is considered a saint ( 4 ) who would make anything to hold served the Greater Community. ( 5 ) The verse form says, He worked in a mill and ne’er got fired. ( 7 ) Auden uses the dry mention of a mill to juxtapose an assembly line to the humdrum and everyday life style of the highlighted adult male. Auden farther explains how the adult male is accompanied by a married woman and five kids which represents the typical suburban lifestyle his equals should work to go portion of. Auden explain, When there was Prunus persica he was for peace ; when there was war, he went. ( 24 ) Auden is emphasizing how when the authorities has this type of control over its citizens, they lose control of their ain lives. It is rather possible that Auden is doing a strong mention to his frights of the United States turning into a Communist state because throughout the verse form, the reader gets the sense of a adult male who will make anything to function his state. Similar to the Communist thought, the working category is the foundation of a society and the authorities is in control of the society. Therefore, the working category has no existent power because they are at the clemency of the authorities who make the determinations for them. The verse form continues on this thought by adding, ( He ) had everything necessary to the Modern Man. ( 24 ) There is a true accent on the word necessary because the verse form suggests the citizen is given all the tools he needs in order to function the higher power, nil more, nil less. The Modern Man is an indicant that he is a slave to a higher power. Therefore, he was a slave to society.

Edwin Robinson and Wysten Auden intertwine their articulation beliefs with delicacy on the modern societal hierarchy. Each use their peculiar manner of an ideal citizen for others to look up to. In Robinsons Richard Cory, a adult male is depicted as the perfect individual with successes that even the Gods would be covetous of. His conflicts of internal discontentedness go unnoticed by all his supporters until the faithful dark where he kills himself. Similarly, Audens the Unknown Citizen, gives the exact word picture of an ideal citizen except he illustrates a on the job category adult male instead than an upperclassman. Auden uses the ideal citizen as a preconceived warning to society explicating how if they allow their authorities to take control of the people, all signifiers of felicity will be lost. Robinson and Auden every bit explicate how the true end in life is non prosecuting wealths or going the perfect individual, even though society says you must, but to happen 1s ain internal felicity. Without a strong, internal fundamental law, adult male might every bit good go a sheep amongst wolves.

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