Cambodia0r Singapore 1. ) The health social conditions of Cambodia using the human development indicator were; their life expectancy at birth is 62. 2. Its prevalence of undernourishment in total population (% of population) is 25. The country’s expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) is 1. 7 and under-five mortality (per 1,000 live births) is 90. 1. ) According to the Human Development Indicator of Singapore their Life expectancy at birth (years) is 80. 7. Its mortality rate is 3 (per 1,000 live births) and their Expenditure on health, public (% of GDP) is 1. . Singapore is focusing more in the health of their people. | 2. ) Based on the data given, we may interpret that Cambodia has a poor health condition due to its poor political, economic, and social conditions. It is likely this further deterioration of Cambodia’s health conditions will directly and severely impact their people and eventually their nation. Apparently, Cambodia has a low life expectancy of 62. 2% compare to Singapore with 80. 7%, and has a mortality rate of 90 per 1000 live births.
That’s why they have the higher spending on public health with 1. 7% compared to Singapore. Moreover, it simply means that the country’s current healthcare systems has a lack of sufficient personnel, services, and information to effectively control and prevent disease outbreaks and improve their health conditions. 2. ) As what in the data had shown, we can say that Singapore has a good health condition compared to Cambodia. Singapore has the highest life expectancy rate which has 80. 7% while Cambodia has only 62. % life expectancy rate, Singapore has also the lowest Mortality Rate with 3% per 1000 live births while Cambodia has 90% mortality rate. That’s the reason why Singapore’s expenditure on public health is only 1% compared to Cambodia that has 1. 7%. This simply means that Singapore gives more importance to the health of their population and continues to improve their health system. Therefore the health conditions in Singapore compare favorably with those in other economically developed nations. 3. For us, the state of health of its population maybe contributed by its Cambodia’s poor economy, which is agriculture-dependent, reflects decades of war and internal strife and, as a result, it remains one of the poorest countries in the world and extremely dependent on foreign aid. It is also one of the most corrupt countries in the world, ranking 151 out of 163 countries on Transparency International’s 2006 Corruption Perception Index (scoring 2. 1 out of 10). Cambodia is also an important transportation hub for heroin trafficking, and the country remains a breeding ground for terrorists.
This environment does little to attract further investment in the country. The nationwide spread of disease is also likely to create indirect economic and security impacts due to the regional increase of disease outbreaks. Chronic diseases are likely to intensify Cambodia’s health problems as the widespread tobacco and drug use, high levels of depression, and general malnutrition among the country’s aging population will highly likely increase the prevalence of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes over the next 10-15 years. . ) Singapore’s state of health is good. Rising standards of living, high standards of education, good housing, safe water supply and sanitation, high quality medical services and the active promotion of preventive medicine, have all helped to significantly boost the health of Singaporeans. The range and quality of medical services is notably high, with a large number of doctors and dentists. There are both government and private hospitals, while nonhospital care is dispensed from numerous outpatient clinics and mobile centers.
The government and voluntary associations, the latter coordinated by the Council of Social Service, provide welfare services for the aged, sick, and unemployed. As a matter of fact, Singapore has one of the most efficient healthcare systems in the world, even with a health expenditure relatively low for developed countries. Almost the whole population has access to improved water and sanitation facilities. There are fewer than 10 annual deaths from HIV per 100,000 people, and there is a high level of immunization and adult obesity is below 10%. 4. If you live in Cambodia, you will know about the health sector of their country, whether it is good or bad. But even though you are not staying there, still it is obvious that they have a poor health status. Moreover, it is not just only they have poor health status but also many comments about their health care system such as: The health service is not available to people especially the poor and the one who live in desert areas because of poverty issue. They don’t have enough ability to provide good care to people whose living is not in a good condition, even if they wanted to because of the same reason-poor.
In addition, the doctors in Cambodia have also a low salary. In this case, we may recommend that Cambodia must rebuild their capacity and medical ethnics for Cambodia’s doctors and they must treat patients equally not the poor treat differently and the rich serve nicely. As a doctor, it is very important to take care of people life. This is their significant role. Thus, Cambodia must also continue promoting sustainable strategies to improve access to health care and unified social health protection measures and develop the systems needed to achieve universal health insurance coverage in their nation’s development. 4. Singapore focuses more to the health of their people and at the same time to its state’s health. They provide high standard of living most especially in their health system. Singapore is promoting itself as a medical tourism hub: about 200,000 foreigners seek medical care there each year, and Singapore medical services aim to serve one million foreign patients annually by 2012 and generate USD 3 billion in revenue. If you live in Singapore you will benefit a lot of things related to health even you are poor or rich. Singapore also provides more health infrastructures to their citizen which can provide good quality of life.
We recommend that Singapore must continue this kind of health system in order for them to provide good health and high quality of life to their citizens. They must not only focus in their health system but at the same time to their social condition needs which they are now doing and still continuing to improve it for the future of the next generations. They must also continue to provide a safety net for those who could not otherwise afford healthcare and the government must continue to provide healthcare insurances for their people for them to live to the fullest. |