The as it is known, so many

The parody represents a work which imitates an original one in order to create a comic effect. The parody’s tool is irony. Therefore, parody is a satirical imitation of a serious work, generally known to the public, whose intention is to emphasize comically the most characteristic elements of an author’s work. Thus, parody may be called a critical act which creates satirical or comic effects.
1.Parody is present in Tom Stoppard’s play “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead”, being a parody of the famous play “Hamlet” by Shakespeare. In “Hamlet” (Shakespeare’s play) there are two guys, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who are colleagues of school and theoretically friends with Hamlet. Now, as it is known, so many people die in that piece so that in the end the only man available to take over the throne is the monarch of the neighbouring country who was in transit and had no plans to conquer Denmark. It is not surprising that the friendship with Hamlet is fatal to R & G. In Shakespeare’s play, the two come to visit Hamlet, and they are convinced by the King Claudius to spy on his friend and then go with him to England. The king Claudius gives them a letter for the king but Hamlet discovers that the letter is a condemnation to death and commands their execution.
In the absurd tragicomedy of Tom Stoppard, “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead,” the two are some confused characters who do not know exactly what world they are living in, and they do not know exactly which one of them is. They do not remember their past, because they did not exist before they were called to the castle. Along the play, they try to figure out who they are and what they are doing – and Hamlet’s narrative thread continues next to them, usually in their absence, letting them talk about death, life, theatre and all kinds of other topics, their dialogues being even funny. Even though they become protagonists in Stoppard’s play while in Hamlet they were just marginal characters, R;G have the same fate, ending up the same-dead.
2.Parody in “Ulysses” by James Joyce.
The novel refers to “Odyssey.” Without reproducing the depiction of the epic, Joyce’s novel articulates, in each of his episodes, allusions, references, parallels to characters, situations, episodes of the Homeric poem. Ulysses is divided into three major sections: the first section of three episodes, called Telemachiada, dedicated to the presentation of Stephen Daedalus, who in the structure of the novel is Telemachus, the son of Ulysses, who was searching his father, one of the major themes of the novel, the second section is dedicated to the one who represents the main character, Leopold Bloom, a modern Ulysses, wandering through Dublin like the Homeric character was searching his father; The third section, includes three episodes under the sign of Bloom’s wife. The action of the novel Ulysses takes place in a single day, Thursday, June 16, 1904.
Some allusions made by Joyce may be the following: For example Ulysses was the prisoner of the Calypso nymphs, Bloom is the volunteer slave of his wife’s charms. Lotophages, refers to one of Ulises’ adventures, who, on the island of Lotus Eaters, see their comrades succumbing to the charms of the sleeping flowers, losing their desire to return to their homeland, tempted by a life of pleasure and forgetfulness. Here, according to the ironic reversal of Homeric references, Bloom himself falls prey to these temptations. Hades refers to the fragment of the Odyssey that tells the descent of Ulysses in Hell and his encounters with the ghosts. Here it is presented Patrick Dignam’s funeral. There is an obvious disparity between the dramatic descending of Ulysses in the infernal world and the trivial visit of Bloom to the cemetery. Ulysses seeks the shadows of the fallen warriors in the siege of Troy, while Bloom tries to say a joke, looking at the priest who looks like a frog humming Latin and observes an obese rat slipping into a crypt.