Transforming Malaysia into a to the full developed and high-income state by 2020 is the chief aim of the Vision 2020. In order to recognize the Vision 2020, Malaysia has introduced 1Malaysia “ Peoples First, Performance Now ” , Government Transformation Programme ( GTP ) , Economic Transformation Programme ( ETP ) and 10th Malaysia Plan. The cardinal participants -every Malaysian- should lend to back up the transmutation of the state into a high-income state.
Malaysia experienced strong GDP growing in the past, but its impulse of growing has evidently slowed down. As shown in the chart below, Malaysia lost growing impulse since the Asian fiscal crisis.
The GDP growing of Malaysia was the 2nd highest among Asiatic states, which is 9.2 % from twelvemonth 1991 to 1997. However, it experienced a slow impulse of GDP growing, 4.3 % from twelvemonth 2001 to 2009 due to the Asiatic fiscal crisis.
Private sectors are the engine of growing in Malaysia. Malaysia needs to accomplish dual digit growing in private investings in order to accomplish high-income position. The Government will move as a facilitator of private investing to make an enabling substructure and environment. It will back up the private sector activities through easing available fund, peculiarly in footings of back uping microenterprises, venture capital for invention and export capital for invention and export related funding ( Tenth Plan, 2010 ) . There are RM 20 billion of Facilitation Fund to assist the private investors to make investing nationally. Government will besides supply substructure and aid such as grants and understanding. The regulative flexibleness would be granted to companies with 5 or less employees. Besides, Government provides facilitation support, for case transit and National Key Economic Areas ( NKEAs ) sectors such as touristry, instruction and health care, to the private sectors. During Tenth Plan period, authorities will besides seek to raise the Research and Development ( R & A ; D ) outgo for the private sector R & A ; D. Given the installation support, fund aid and regulative flexibleness, private sectors would happen that it is easier to put, or get down up a concern, in Malaysia. Hence, the domestic private investing would increase.
Harmonizing to Tenth Plan ( 2010 ) , the Government encourages the coaction between public and private sector, peculiarly between Government-linked Companies ( GLCs ) and the private sector. They are besides encouraged to work out on new market country where hazards are higher and adulthood period is longer. The Government stimulates the economic system by advancing the public-private partnership ( PPP ) which would hike RM 62.7 billion ( Tenth Plan, 2010 ) . PPP, hence, would implement some big undertakings including “ 7 toll main roads, 5 Universiti Teknologi MARA ( UiTM ) subdivision campuses, renovation of Angkasapuri Complex Kuala Lumpur as Media City, Integrated Transport Terminal in Gombak and denationalization of Penang Port Sdn. Bhd. ” . The Government besides promotes the partnership between Bumiputera and non-Bumiputera concerns. Furthermore, the fund invention will be provided by the Government. The Government will offer revenue enhancement tax write-off for R & A ; D and provides fiting grants to advance private sector support of R & A ; D and commercialisation ( Tenth Plan, 2010 ) .
As the chart shown, the growing in private investing and ingestion will be much faster than during Ninth Plan period. The one-year growing rate of private investing and ingestion during Ninth Plan period are 2.0 and 6.5 severally. When it comes to Tenth Plan period, the Government emphasiss on the enlargement of private sector. The one-year growing of private investing and ingestion are projected to lift by 12.8 % and 7.7 % .
Furthermore, the Economic Transformation Programme ( ETP ) focuses on 12 National Key Economic Areas ( NKEAs ) which have great possible to bring forth high income for Malaysia. The 12 NKEAs are oil, gas and energy, palm oil, fiscal services, touristry, concern services, bettering electronics and electrical, sweeping and retail, instruction, health care, communications content and substructure, agribusiness, Greater Kuala Lumpur / Klang Valley ( Pemandu, 2010 ) .
Under ETP, Malaysia takes the enterprise to do the Greater KL part as a universe category metropolis. Greater KL was developed to be the hub for top 100 planetary and regional multi-national companies ( MNCs ) central office. If there are more MNCs central office invest in our county, our foreign direct investing ( FDI ) will increase.
Harmonizing to ( Boo, 2010 ; Jala, 2010 ) , “ Malaysia was “ addicted ” to FDI and depended excessively much on low labor cost to draw in investings ” . Now, we need to look at the FDI ‘s quality and accept merely choice FDI. In order to accomplish Vision 2020, we should non merely look at the FDI, but besides the domestic private investing.
Under the execution of ETP, Greater KL would go a prima planetary metropolis that attracts million of people. Infrastructure connectivity should be improved to do it easier for others to come and see it. Greater KL was connected to Singapore via a high velocity rail system. It creates a seamless and faster journey which takes 2 hours merely. Besides, Mass Rapid Transit ( MRT ) was besides one of the physical agencies for others to travel within the metropolis. Private sector has been given opportunity to originate proposal on the high velocity rail system and MRT system for Greater KL.
In add-on, a comprehensive and sheltered prosaic web within the metropolis Centre will be created. Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur ( DBKL ) and private investors will be working out together to build the 45 kilometers of sheltered prosaic paseo ( Pemandu, 2010 ) . The well-structured substructure connectivity will pull million of people to see Greater KL and hike the touristry sector in Malaysia. When touristry sector is spread outing, there are more tourers sing our state, their disbursement in Malaysia will travel up, and the ingestion will increase. As the economic system was stimulated, it will besides make new occupation chance and lower the unemployment rate. The citizens have more money to devour. Then, the private investors find that it is more profitable to make investing when the citizens are willing to pass.
Next, the human capital contributes to the growing of economic public presentation. In the attempt towards switch to knowledge- based economic system. Malaysia should hold the duty to sure that development of human and rational capital to bring forth satisfy supply of rational assets to back up and incorporate a flexible, sensitive, and nomadic work force with relevant cognition and accomplishments. Malaysia needs to work hard to guarantee that the state ‘s human capital through a procedure through out larning. Workers must keep and do certain the attitude of life long tilting to better and upgrade their degree of cognition and accomplishments, particularly through individual-learning and indivisual betterment system. At the same clip, employer must halt corporate investing in human capital into their strategic.
The Government outgo on instruction and preparation as a human capital is decidedly related to economic growing. From the old research, the sum of the Federal Government development outgo by sector during the Seventh Malaysia program had addition during eight Malaysia program. Besides that, in the past decennaries, them expanded the entire figure of population to all instruction. The entire employment at the 3rd degree in local public instruction establishments has twice from the past few old ages. The expanded sum in third registration was dependable with all of employment which registered highest mean one-year growing rates for administrative and managerial classs. It is followed by that professional and proficient class that suggested a strong demand from manpower with accomplishments and third instruction. The critical function of human capital development requires house for more committednesss, to the full support and way from the authorities. It besides can back up larning through out enabling active rendezvous in building of cognition.