The Health Hazards Of Global Warming Environmental Sciences Essay

Galaxies are the group of stars. There are more than million galaxies in the existence. Milky Way is an of import galaxy in the Universe, because our Earth is a portion of this galaxy. Among all the planets the Earth has all the constituents for life. All the life beings in the Earth are depending on the nature except human being. To take his life adult male is destructing the nature and it ends with Global heating.

On the whole the Earth is a coolest planet, if the Earth is so cool no 1 can populate in this Earth. So the Earth has to be warmed. For this warming procedure green house gases are indispensable. The of import fact is that short heat Wave can easy go through to the ambiance through the outer surface of the Earth, while a section of the end point heat is preserved in the ambiance. Since surpassing long heat moving ridge can non perforate the atmosphere easy, particularly when there are clouds cover the gases, it leads to an enhanced heat-trapping of the Earth. This heat-trapping ability of the ambiance is called ‘Green House Effect ‘ .

Six chief nursery gases are responsible for Green House Effect. They are carbon dioxide, methane ( which is 20 times every bit powerful as a nursery gas as C dioxide ) and azotic oxide, plus three fluorinated industrial gases: hydro fluorocarbons, per fluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride. Water vapour is besides considered as a nursery gas. Due to the immense sum of green house gases in the ambiance the clime is altering. The surface of the Earth is warming up, therefore there is many jeopardies happening which are, and are human induced. The production of these nursery gases are high among developing states particularly India and China. Forests are being destroyed to a great in developing states. The other grounds are urbanization, industrialisation and over population. About 80 % of nursery gas emanations from human actions are related to the building and usage of power peculiarly the combustion of fuels. The hint of 20 % is associated with agribusiness and alterations in dirt usage. Because of planetary warming the life beings are bit by bit destroyed and at that place by natural acceptance of eco system is affected. Many agreed that planetary heating may be one of the greatest menaces to our planet. Recent old ages show increasing temperatures in assorted parts of the universe particularly in coastal part.

Global warming refers to the overall heating of the Earth, based on mean temperature over the full surface. Due to this so many wellness jobs are more prevailing such as cholera, Malaria, Dengue, tegument malignant neoplastic disease, cataract and nameless new diseases.

The survey of planetary heating started from BC. As per the statement of Hippocrates, ( 460-377 BC ) , ” Whoever wishes to look into medical specialty decently, should continue therefore: in the first topographic point to see the conditions of the twelvemonth, and what effects each of them produces, for they are non all likewise, but differ much from themselves in respect to their alterations. ”

From the clip when 1880, big graduated table combustion of fuels and other single activity has led to an addition in the degree of nursery gases in the ambiance. As a consequence, Earth has warmed by 0.8oc. The mean facade heat of the Earth has expanded more than 1 degree Fahrenheit. Since 1900 and the rate of warming has been mean up to 1970.In the twelvemonth of 2008 the temperature of the Earth has been increased to 0.5o F.

D.R. Karthikeyan, former Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation reported that Global heating and conditions alteration affects all states without any favoritism rich and hapless alike, and is more risky than terrorist act, which targets merely on specific states. Harmonizing to World Health Organisation ( 2009 ) , due to planetary heating each twelvemonth more than two million populations is expires due to Malaria.

The heating of the planet will be slow but certain, but the effects of intense conditions change events like more storms, inundations, drouths and heat moving ridges will be sudden and awfully felt. Both tendencies can impact some of the most critical elemental of wellness: air, H2O, nutrient, shelter and freedom from disease.

Although planetary heating is a cosmopolitan phenomenon, its end consequences will non be equally distributed. In short, planetary heating can act upon jobs that are antecedently huge and extremely concentrated in the underdeveloped universe, which is hard to command. To turn to the wellness effects of planetary heating, WHO is organizing and back uping research and appraisal on the most valuable steps to safeguard the wellness from planetary heating, peculiarly for the vulnerable dwellers such as adult females and kids in developing states, and is promoting Member States on the indispensable adaptative alterations to their wellness systems to support their populations. WHO reported that in the twelvemonth 2000, I,50,000 population lost their life because of the effects of Global Warming.

Global Warming Is an intercontinental problem.The effects of planetary heating in India is apparent. The thaw of glaciers in the Indian Himalayas, altering conditions, heat moving ridges, inundations, disappearing of coastal countries and increasing morbidity are the groundss of the effects of planetary heating.

Significance and demand for the survey

In footings of historical emanations, developed states account for approximately 80 % of the C dioxide rush in the ambiance. Since 1950, the U.S. has emitted a sum of approximately 50.7 billion dozenss of C, while China ( 4.6 times more thickly settled ) and India ( 3.5 times more thickly settled ) have emitted merely 15.7 and 4.2 billion dozenss of C severally. Per annum, more than 60 per centum of planetary industrial C dioxide emanations originate in developed states, where merely about 20 per centum of the universe ‘s population resides. The increased emanations of green house gases in developing states consequences from the supply of basic human demands for turning populations.

More or less all specializers analyzing the temperature certification of the Earth have the same position now the human activities, chiefly the release of green house gases from smokestacks, cars, and flaring woods, are possibly the taking power driving the tendency.

German Watch published a Global Weather Risk Index in December 2009 that tried to register the states that would be influenced the most from planetary warming based on the utmost conditions changes such as hurricanes and inundations. Between 1991 and 2008 they found these were the most affected lands: Bangladesh, Myanmar, Honduras, Vietnam, Nicaragua, Haiti, India, Dominican Republic, Philippines and China.

The World Health Organization ( WHO ) has recognized 39 new or re-emerging diseases since the 1960 ‘s, many associated to planetary heating. Harmonizing to World Health Organization, every twelvemonth, 5 million unwellnesss are caused by conditions related to planetary heating. Human existences are already exposed to the effects of conditions susceptible diseases and these diseases kill 1000000s of lives today. They include malnutrition, which causes over 3.5 million deceases per twelvemonth, diarrhoeal diseases, which take life over 1.8 million, and malaria, which kills about 2 million. ( WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan. )

India is one of the most vulnerable states for the effects of planetary heating. India has a huge coastal line and the increasing sea degrees caused by planetary heating will do an ecological catastrophe. This is harmonizing to the survey reported on 1989 United Nations Environment Programme. High temperatures lead to major concentration of land degree ozone, which forms on hot, cheery yearss when pollution from the autos and other beginnings mix. Smog can impact lung tissue, increasing respiratory and bosom disease and eventually taking to decease. Even increases in smog can do asthma in kids. In India due electronic wastes 1 in 3 people were affected with nephritic rocks often.

Global heating in India has a disproportional impact on more than 400 million people that make up India ‘s hapless. This is because so many were depends on natural resources for their nutrient, shelter and income. More than 56 % of people in India work in agribusiness, while many others earn their day-to-day staff of life in coastal countries. Orissa is another province which is already being hit hard by elevated temperature. Whole small towns in the coastal countries are vanishing. In South India in the month of May in 2002, in Pradesh temperatures rose to 48.9 grades centigrade ( 120 F ) , doing many deceases from the heat moving ridge.

In India the badness of heat moving ridges contributes to premature deceases. The heat emphasis can worsen respiratory diseases and cardiovascular unwellnesss related to tremendous sum of ground-level ozone in urban countries. Due to this more kids are holding the hazard to develop malignant neoplastic diseases. It is estimated that due to planetary heating every 3in 100 individuals were affected with nephritic rocks in India.

In Tamilnadu due to heavy rain more than 300 people were died due to assorted grounds ( 2010 ) .The incidence of other diseases like cardiovascular diseases histories for 1in 4 individuals and 1 in 3 individuals in Tamilnadu ( Daily thanthi, Aug,2010 ) .

Provision of wellness instruction has become one of the most of import function for wellness workers in assorted wellness attention puting. The end of the wellness instruction is to modify the client ‘s behaviour and to keep or better the client ‘s wellness. Client and household members have the right to acquire information sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating so that they can do intelligent, informed determinations about their wellness attention. Changing one person ‘s behaviour can non be easy done through simple instruction of facts. Therefore the wellness attention worker has to pay more attending to actuate the individual to take attention of himself/herself through effectual wellness instruction.

The research worker has identified many re-emerging diseases and besides new nameless wellness jobs in the community. The research worker working in the community finds that many people in the community are overhauling their life, which leads to planetary heating. During her posting the research worker observed that most of the people were illiterate and they have non given much importance to endure alterations. The research worker likes to make consciousness among the people through wellness instruction. Hence, the research worker decided to supply a planned instruction programme on wellness jeopardies of planetary heating. So the present survey was intended to find the cognition and attitude of grownups sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating, in response to the planned instruction programme.

Statement of the job

A quasi experimental survey to measure the cognition and attitude on wellness jeopardies of planetary heating among grownups before and after the planned instruction programme in selected rural countries of Madurai territory, Tamilnadu.

Aim

To measure the bing cognition and attitude of grownups sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating in the experimental and control group.

To measure the effectivity of planned learning programme on cognition and attitude of grownups sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating in the experimental and control group.

To happen out the difference between post-test cognition and attitude of grownups sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating in the experimental group.

To find the association between the station trial cognition and attitude with selected demographic variables.

Hypothesis

H1: There will be important difference in the pre trial and station trial cognition mark sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating in the experimental group.

H2: There will be important difference in the pre trial and station trial attitude mark sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating in the experimental group.

H3: There will be important relationship between the station trial cognition and attitude sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating in the experimental group.

H4: There will be a important association between the station trial cognition mark with selected demographic variables such as age, sex, instruction, business, income, matrimonial position in the experimental group.

H5: There will be a important association between the station trial attitude mark with selected demographic variables such as age, sex, instruction, business, income, matrimonial position in the experimental group

Operational definitions

Effectiveness

In this survey it refers to the end product of planned learning programme in footings of betterment in the cognition and attitude among the grownups as measured by a questionnaire and checklist.

Planned instruction programme

In this survey it refers to the consistently developed direction and instruction assistance designed to supply information about the wellness jeopardies of planetary heating.

Cognition

In this survey cognition refers to the degree of understanding on wellness jeopardies of planetary heating as expressed through verbal response from the grownups

Attitude

In this survey attitude refers to the manner of thought, belief and experiencing sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating among the grownups as measured by checklist.

Adults

In this survey it refers to All males and females of age between 21- 50 old ages and besides shacking in the selected rural small town at Madurai.

Health jeopardies of planetary heating

Health jeopardies of planetary warming refers to the wellness jobs due to elevated Earth ‘s surface temperature.

Premises

The cognition and attitude of the grownups will act upon the wellness jeopardies of planetary heating.

Demographic variables of grownups may act upon the wellness jeopardies of planetary heating.

Planned learning programme will better the cognition and attitude on wellness jeopardies of planetary heating.

Improvement in the cognition and attitude on wellness jeopardies of planetary heating helps to forestall planetary heating.

The verbal response of the grownups to the questionnaire and checklist will stand for their cognition and attitude sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating.

Boundary lines

Study is limited to verbal response on cognition and attitude of grownups and non the pattern.

The survey is confined to the selected small towns.

Projected result

The survey findings will assist to better the cognition and to alter the attitude of grownups sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating.

The findings of demographic variable will assist to place the factors which affect the degree of cognition and attitude of grownups sing wellness jeopardies of planetary heating.