The I will analyse Socrates defence, not

The Apology, written by Plato, presents Socrates’ defence against the claims of Impiety and Corruption of Youth. He argues that under Athenian Law he is not guilty of the aforementioned charges brought against him. In this analysis, I will attempt to argue that under Athenian Law, and in the eyes of the court, Socrates was in fact guilty of the claims put forward against him. Plato’s apology recounts the Socrates’ defence speech made during his trial. In this essay, I will analyse Socrates defence, not in an attempt to prove that under the eyes of the Athenian public and Athenian law that Socrates was in fact guilty of the accusation put forward against him. Socrates did a poor effort in defending himself, and it can be viewed that he was intending to irritate the court. He engaged in a dialectic, rather than something else.
The trial, which occurred in Athens during 399BC, saw the city of Athens in a state of turmoil. The city had recently been struck be several disasters, most notably being plague, a military defeat against Sparta, whom were financed by Persian money, and political disagreement within Athens.
Socrates argues that the claim of ‘corruption of youth’ is unjust, as he claims that unlike Sophists, he possesses no knowledge, and so he is unable to teach others as he doesn’t possess any passable knowledge. Despite this, the Oracle, upon being approached, claims that there is no one wiser than Socrates. Socrates, perplexed by this claim, as he himself believes that he holds no knowledge, puts the Oracle’s claims to an empirical test. Socrates questions politicians, poets and craftsman. Upon questioning Politicians, he concludes that they believe that they are wiser than others, but are not. This leads Socrates to formulate, the now known, Socratic Wisdom, “I am wiser, than he is to this small extent, that I do not think that I know what I do not know”. Socrates questions the poets, but is disappointed to learn that knowledge derived from Poets is in fact only Inspiration and instinct. Finally, Socrates turns to the craftsman. Although that they are knowledgeable in their specific field of work, there claims of wider wisdom are misplaced and unsupported; there wisdom is restricted to a small area. They are blinded by their own arrogance.
This results in a predicament for Socrates, as the Athenian court views this cross-examination and disapproving others’ wisdom, as Socrates claiming that he is the most knowledgeable. Although Socrates never claims this; under the eyes of the court Socrates is claiming that he is the most knowledgeable man in Athens. Stemming from this, youths within Athens begin cross-examining citizens themselves and each other. Socrates states that he never endorsed or preached this, but doesn’t dis-encourage the practice. This was a flaw by Socrates, as Athenians still viewed him at fault for this, statig that that the richer classes learnt of this practice by Socrates. This leads Meletus to bring a formal charge against Socrates as members of the public witness the youths imitating Socrates and come to the conclusion that Socrates himself has trained and ordered them to bring into question the ideologies passed down to them by their elders.
Socrates interprets the Oracle’s claim of himself as being the wisest, as any man who is aware of his lack of wisdom, is in fact the most knowledgeable. Socrates then takes it upon himself to make strangers aware of their own unintelligence as an order passed onto him by God. This, however, is interpreted by Athenians as Socrates spreading his wisdom onto others, and so, in their eyes, he is guilty. Socrates, also states that because of this, he has no time for political affairs, another claim brought against him by Athenians.