The Paradox Of Love And Power In Dune English Literature Essay

Even with the menace of possible negative effects, love is, more frequently than non, considered to be a pure and good experience. Love helps people turn and unveils to them new experiences and new ways of sing things. Love has been the inspiration for 1000000s of verse forms, vocals, and sonnets. However, the Bene Gesserit do non see it as such. The Bene Gesserit are conditioned to see love as a failing which plagues the ‘lesser people ‘ . Love is discouraged by the sistership, even though patterns such as sex are non.

Yet, non all Bene Gesserit follow this manner of thought. Very few Bene Gesserit who become consorts or are involved in sexual relationships with work forces grow to develop feelings of love. To the Bene Gesserit, such a divergency from their instructions is frowned upon and considered an anomalousness. Consequently, such an anomalousness is Lady Jessica Atreides, consort to Leto Atreides. She is the female parent of Paul Atreides, the chief character of Dune.

The Bene Gesserit are a powerful and ancient order of adult females whose aims and actions are critical to the societal, spiritual, and political development of the Dune existence. To be a Bene Gesserit means both to command and to be controlled.

They are a sistership patterned slackly after Roman Catholic adult females ‘s orders, but with none of the piousness and pureness one would anticipate from nuns. Bene Gesserit sisters undergo strict preparation of both head and organic structure through old ages of mental and physical conditioning in order to heighten and accomplish powers and abilities. Those Bene Gesserit who manage to get the whole span of abilities that a Bene Gesserit can possess are referred to as ‘Reverend Mothers ‘ . The leader of the Bene Gesserit sistership is called the ‘Mother Superior ‘ .

Through a life-time of punctilious preparation and the augmentation of that preparation by the spice [ ] , a Bene Gesserit Revered Mother can larn to command every individual organ, musculus, and map in her organic structure. However, even with such huge sums of physical control over themselves, some Bene Gesserit can non assist but be unable to command the caprices of their Black Marias and emotions.

Book after book of the Dune series, the Bene Gesserit sistership is betrayed, transformed, and sometimes even thrown off path by those really whims and emotions that they can non command with any sum of strenuous preparation. The Bene Gesserit sisterhood maps like a ageless gesture machine, that is, until person within their ranks falls in love. Such a little defect in the outlook of even one Bene Gesserit sister can function to clash and even endanger to destruct the very foundations of the Sisterhood.

The archetypal illustration: Lady Jessica. She ‘s ordered to gestate a girl to Duke Leto Atreides. The multi-generational genteelness plan demands it. Out of love for Leto, she gives him the boy he wants. And the full existence is changed twice: first by the outgrowth of Emperor Paul Muad’dib, and so by the thousand-year dictatorship of his boy, Leto II, the God Emperor, who literally turns into a great large worm. One adult female ‘s noncompliance changed the class of the universe forever.

Lady Jessica ‘s dealingss with the Reverend Mother Gaius Helen Mohiam are strained as a consequence of what had occurred. When the Reverend Mother comes to see the Atrreides family in order to analyze Paul ‘s capablenesss, there is a batch of tenseness between the two Bene Gesserit. Both adult females know of what Jessica had done, and neither of them wants to come to any kind of understanding about it. The Reverend Mother ‘s feelings towards what Lady Jessica had done are represented in her ideas:

‘Damn that Jessica! the Reverend female parent idea.

If merely she ‘d borne us a miss as she was ordered to make! ‘ [ ]

The ultimate end of the Bene Gesserit, throughout all the old novels taking up to Dune, is the creative activity of the Kwisatz Haderach, a male Bene Gesserit, a being which can be in all topographic points at one time. They have planned on accomplishing this through the strenuous application of a monolithic human genteelness plan, which the Sisterhood has conducted for infinite coevalss. By carefully commanding and pull stringsing people, every bit good as all facets of relationships between twosomes, the Bene Gesserit had been able to carefully command the lineages of the baronial houses throughout legion coevalss.

Lady Jessica ‘s neglect for the orders of the Bene Gesserit brought about a series of possible effects, which ended up altering the programs which the Bene Gesserit have been doing for infinite coevalss. And non merely that, Jessica ‘s disobeying of orders changed the hereafter of the Dune existence drastically.

The ground why the Bene Gesserit wanted her to gestate a miss was in order to marry the kid to the inheritor of the Harkonnen household. This would hold served to seal up the breach between the two houses. But, with Jessica ‘s giving birth to a boy, both Atreides and Harkonnen lineages were threatened to be lost to the Bene Gesserit.

The programs of the Bene Gesserit were working absolutely in the beginning. Lady Jessica was to be coupled with Duke Leto Atreides in order to bring forth a girl who would so be wed and bred with Feyd Rautha Harkonnen, in order to bring forth the Kwisatz Hederach. The Kwisatz Hederach was non meant to be born until another coevals, but Jessica managed to alter this. The relationship between Lady Jessica and Leto Atreides, which started out as simply a wooing arranged by the Bene Gesserit, grew into one of love. Jessica and Leto found joy in one another and their common fondnesss blossomed and evolved. With this development of fondnesss, every bit good as Jessica ‘s commiseration towards Leto after recognizing how much the decease of his first boy, Victor Atreides, grieved him, the Bene Gesserit ‘s programs were ruined. Sing how much her hubby wanted another boy, as his first boy, Victor Atreides, had died, to be the inheritor to the Atreides house, Jessica obliged Leto and went against the orders given to her by the sistership. Alternatively of the girl she had been told to deliver, Jessica brought a boy into the universe. Driven by her love for Leto, and possibly by the thought that she herself may be able to give birth to the Kwisatz Haderach, Jessica single-handedly disrupted the intricate programs of the Bene Gesserit sistership.

‘ ” You thought of merely your Duke ‘s desire for a boy, ” the old adult female snapped. “ And his desires do n’t calculate in this. An Atreides girl could ‘ve been wed to a Harkonnen inheritor and sealed the breach. You ‘ve hopelessly complicated affairs. We may lose both lineages now. “ ‘ [ ]

In any instance, Jessica did stop up giving birth to the male child who would subsequently go the Kwisatz Hederach. This may sound as a benefit to the Bene Gesserit sistership because their labours to bring forth the Kwisatz Hederach had been fulfilled due to Jessica ‘s betraying of orders. However, that is far from being the instance. Paul Atreides was non supposed to be conceived in the first topographic point, and neither was he supposed to be the Kwisatz Hederach. His being threw the carefully woven programs of the Bene Gesserit off-kilter.

Not merely did Lady Jessica catalyze the premature creative activity of the Kwisatz Hederach through giving birth to Paul, but through gestating her boy, she gave manner for Paul ‘s ain boy to come into the universe in ulterior novels. Paul ‘s boy, Leto Atreides II, turned out to be a autocrat. Not merely had Leto II managed to wholly get away Bene Gesserit control, he had besides taken over the Bene Gessert engendering plan and assigned them a instead useless function in the existence for the full three 1000 and five hundred old ages of his reign.

Since the Kwisatz Hederach was born one coevals excessively early, the Bene Gesserit had non been anticipating it to happen, and this had small control over Paul in the same manner they had control over the work forces they had raised. The Bene Gesserit were denied power over the one thing which they had been tuging towards. To them, this was both a great defeat and a great incorrect which had been committed against the sistership by Jessica, one of their ain. They had besides been denied power over Paul ‘s boy, Leto II. Alternatively of giving into Bene Gesserit control, Leto II had been able to set the Bene Gesserit under his ain control, which did non portend good with the sistership. Their misgiving of love grew, every bit good as their disdain and choler at Jessica. This became yet another illustration which the Bene Gesserit used to reprobate love.

Jessica ‘s actions were non forgotten by the Bene Gesserit. Alternatively, they served as a reminder of what can happen if a Bene Gesserit were to fall in love. Even 1000s of old ages after her decease, the Bene Gesserit sistership passed down their cognition of Lady Jessica ‘s behaviors to the new coevalss of sisters. The determination Jessica made had been one which altered the full existence, and the Bene Gesserit were speedy to trap the mistake of it on Jessica ‘s falling in love with Leto Atreides. In the old ages the followed her decease, Jessica ‘s actions became known by all Bene Gesserit as “ the Jessica Crime ” , and any Bene Gesserit who would take her love over the instructions of the sistership would basically be perpetrating the same offense. Jessica ‘s actions served as a lesson to other sisters that a Bene Gesserit must keep control over her emotions lest she follow in Jessica ‘s illustration and jeopardize both the sistership and humanity in general.

There is much sarcasm in the dealingss between adult females and work forces raised by the Bene Gesserit. Womans raised by the sistership were conditioned to see the emotion of love as a failing, as a defect which plagues people of ranks lower than that of their ain. As a consequence, Bene Gesserit sisters are haughty of love and hold it as pattern which is beneath them.

In contrast, work forces raised by the sistership were conditioned to maintain the sistership in their highest respects and to idolize the Bene Gesserit. Work force were given an thought of the sistership ‘s ultimate intent and each one was taught to love and honour the Bene Gesserit. The Bene Gesserit used deformed impressions of love in order to command and maintain loyal the work forces raised by the sistership. Some Bene Gesserit even specialized in this really undertaking. Frank Herbert called them ‘imprinters ‘ ; imprinters were trained in magnifying pleasance in order to make an dependence to said pleasance within work forces, which in bend kept said work forces devoted and easy manageable. The sistership ‘s relationship with love and sex is merely as flooring in modern times as it was in 1965. Yet, for the Bene Gesserit, commanding people with sex was considered a feminine strength. They invoked misconceptions of love within those outside the sistership whom they controlled. This is yet another sarcasm. For a sistership who looks down upon and misgivings love every bit much as the Bene Gesserit do, it is dry at how they use the feelings of others in order to pull strings them and flex them to the sistership ‘s will. This seems improbably hypocritical on the portion of the Bene Gesserit, for if they truly mistrusted love every bit much as they did, would they non forbear from using it for anything? This would be the instance, if it were non for the fact that the Bene Gesserit were improbably cognizant of the powers of love. Therefore, by writhing the construct of love and turning it into a kind of harness by agencies of which they could command others, the Bene Gesserit had been able to turn something unsafe into something utile. Since they are taught that they do non necessitate neither love nor work forces for anything, a Bene Gesserit feels justified in utilizing love to command work forces in order to obtain anything that she may desire or necessitate.

The Bene Gesserit greatly distrusted the construct love. To them, love was an emotion which brought about nil but confusion and upset. This belief was enforced once more and once more with each Bene Gesserit sister who fell in love and ended up inflicting injury on either herself or the sistership as a whole. The down fallings of other Bene Gesserit sisters who got caught up in love served to do the other sisters wary and leery of the unreliable emotion. They grew prejudiced against love over the old ages of their being, and each coevals of Bene Gesserit passed the bias on to the following. Their beliefs were supported over and over once more by the weaknesss of other sisters who succumbed to love, and therefore their belief merely grew and grew. As a consequence of their misgiving towards love, the Bene Gesserit employed certain preventive steps in order to maintain themselves distanced from the possible harming capablenesss of love. Among those preventive steps was the aforesaid conditioning which new Bene Gesserit underwent, every bit good as encouragement to keep strictly physical relationships with work forces instead than matrimony and familiarity.

Ironically, the Bene Gesserit encouraged sexual familiarity, every bit good as the construct of kids through the sexual intercourse of a adult male and a adult female, instead than by usage of an Axlotl Tank [ ] . They considered the latter method of engendering as a corrupt method of reproducing. Children born within Bene Gesserit society were born out of the yoke of persons who may hold shared one dark of lecherousness, but whose relationship was wholly barren of love. Similarly, the kids from the brotherhoods of Bene Gesserit sisters and work forces were non raised by either of their parents. Rather, the conveying up of kids was a corporate attempt on the portion of the whole sistership. Somehow it does non look excessively surprising that kids born from strictly sexual relationships and raised by a collective instead than a set of parents grew to be contemptuous of love.

This was non the instance with Jessica, either. She and Leto raised their boy without the aid or much intervention of the Bene Gesserit. This served to develop that familial bond between Paul and his parents. As a consequence, Paul had non been conditioned to look down upon love. Rather, he grew up cognizing the emotion based on what he saw from his parents and his ain acquisition. Neither was Paul conditioned to love and adore the Bene Gesserit as most of the work forces they raised had been.

Unlike what occurred with Paul, Bene Gesserit sisters went through a really different method of being raised. Love was weaned out of Bene Gesserit from really early ages, as they had been taken off from their female parents to forestall any kind of adhering happening between female parent and kid. It can be safely assumed that Bene Gesserit condemned love in all signifiers, non merely that between a adult male and a adult female. Familial love was besides out of the inquiry. Such an being is difficult to believe of, as most people have an person in their lives that they love. This is non the instance for the Bene Gesserit, and yet most Bene Gesserit seem all right with the thought. Everything within the sistership works absolutely if there is no love introduced ; when there is, things start to travel incorrect. This is dry, sing that in most other plants of literature, love is considered as a kind of messiah-like emotion. The Bene Gesserit do acknowledge love as a kind of ancient power, which had at one point served its intent within life, but is no longer a necessary constituent to the continuance of life.

The latter point of view is portrayed in an indispensable Bene Gesserit lesson which every sister learns:

“ Love leads to misery. Love is a really ancient force, which served its intent in its twenty-four hours but no thirster is indispensable for the endurance of the species. Remember that adult female ‘s error, the hurting. “ [ ]

This quotation mark serves good to represent the Bene Gesserit outlook towards relationships, every bit good as the grounds for their conditioning. Love was so greatly distrusted by the sistership due to how much it could act upon a individual. By falling in love, people became unprompted and performed undue things all in the name of love. The Bene Gesserit are brought up and conditioned to believe in their power. They are that subject and control of their power is every bit of import as the power itself. Order and subject were two improbably of import constructs to the Bene Gesserit, and love had received the repute of disrupting said order and subject. Knowing this, it is easy to presume that it would greatly dishonor a Bene Gesserit sister if she were in some mode to lose control.

To lose control is unsafe, and therefore the sistership had to be cut off from love to forestall danger. Their antipathy of the emotion was so strong that hatred was compared to love in footings of danger, as follows:

“ Hatred is every bit unsafe an emotion as love. The capacity for either one is the capacity for its antonym. “ [ ]

To observe, the comparing was non made the other manner around, with love being said to be every bit unsafe as hatred. This signifies that to the Bene Gesserit, it is much worse to fall in love so it is to detest something or person. This raises the inquiry: Is it love itself which has corrupted the Bene Gesserit or their denial of it? And yet, they had every justification to be wary of love. Bene Gesserit focal point greatly on the hereafter, and from what they had seen and encountered, love can take people astray from the greater end. The relationship between adult females and love in a changeless subject throughout Dune, much more so than the relationship between work forces and love. More frequently than non, the pick that a Bene Gesserit has to do is one between deriving power and deriving love. Together, the two seem unachievable because powerful adult females who are able to happen love are nil but failed Bene Gesserit.

Rather than hold any kind of matrimony or lasting couplings Sisters were encouraged to utilize the male “ preparation Masterss ” for physical enjoyment. Sexual familiarity was of import to the Bene Gesserit. They shunned “ unreal methods of reproduction ” preferring the brotherhood of Man and Woman, less the feelings of love. Even when called upon to raise “ their ” Bashir the Bene Gesserit used the uterus of a voluntary, a Reverend Mother, to accomplish the cloning procedure instead than fall backing to a “ corrupt pattern ” such as utilizing an Axlotl Tank. Child rise uping for the Bene Gesserit was a communal matter. Sisters with the proper genetic sciences were encouraged to bear kids for the Order. These were normally removed from them before adhering and were carefully raised by the Order. Sisters with faulty genetic sciences would be sterilized but were permitted to function the Order any capacity that they could do a part. It was a really rare event that an baby in the attention of the Bene Gesserit was capable to infanticide or discarded. Sometimes babies and immature misss were presented to the Order for preparation by Great Houses, much as younger boies were presented to the Catholic Church in ancient times. The Order ever offered to develop immature adult females ( and sometimes work forces ) of the Great Houses. Bene Gesserits were besides offerred as courtesans for Nobles. In this manner the Order influenced many Great Houses while constructing up political support for its causes. Many Emperors took Bene Gesserit wives or courtesans. The Mother of the Kwisatz Haderach, Jessica, was a Bene Gesserit. She trained Paul in the Prana Bindu disciplines covertly, authorising him to defy the Spice Agony and to take the Fremen.

The relationship between adult females and love ever seems more ambitious than that of work forces and love. Possibly work forces vs. love merely is n’t an abiding tradition in fiction, like adult females vs. love. How many narratives exist of work forces holding to take between power and love? Work force with power who find love are heroes. Womans with power who find love are failed Bene Gesserit.

Is it the power the BG have that make them monsters? The BG Reverend Mother negates the construct of adult females as movable. Conception, transporting to term, even the gender of the kid delivered is her pick entirely. With her physical control she can easy overpower a adult male set on making physical injury.

Is it their denial of the force of love that corrupts them? A Reverend Mother does n’t necessitate a adult male for anything, but feels justified in utilizing him for anything she wants or demands.

Or make they merely go against our societal traditions refering appropriate muliebrity? The Sisterhood has small usage for the basic genre functions for adult females: virgin, loyal married woman and female parent.

The Sisterhood ‘s shadow side is everything modern-day society despises about racism and jingoism: they are manipulative, exclusionary and believe work forces to be weaker than adult females. The Bene Gesserit should be smart plenty to cognize that the hereafter is more of import than love. Men will ever take love over the hereafter. It ‘s an thought that some people agree with presently. Work forces are excessively short sighted to be trust with the hereafter, merely adult females with a female parent ‘s inherent aptitude can be trusted to steer humanity because work forces are more basal animals who fundamentally merely desire to acquire laid.

Any campaigner for the Bene Gesserit must go through a trial of hurting to turn out their indispensable humanity. So unless you are portion of their nine, you are n’t even human. And work forces are non welcome to use.