The Theme Of Courage In Mother Courage Antigone English Literature Essay

Brecht puts across before the audience a complex character ; giving her the name ‘Mother Courage ‘ he etches out the complexnesss of the character-Indomitable yet cowardly, intelligent yet blind, rational yet unsuccessful he transforms her into a tragic figure torn apart between her functions of being a fostering female parent to moderately successful shopkeeper. Mother Courage from the beginning of the drama is portrayed as a adult female of great resiliency. Anna Fierling an ordinary adult female got the moniker ‘Mother Courage ‘ because she drove through an onslaught of Riga with 50 loaves of staff of life in her cart. She wanted to sell them off or else they would hold grown mouldy and she would hold incurred losingss. ( Scene 1, Page 25 Mother Courage And Her Children ) 1. When the recruiting Officer tries to forcibly recruit Eilif in the ground forces she takes out her knife and threatens them which depict her implicit bravery. Throughout the drama her chief aim was to guarantee she made money by selling goods and maintaining her kids under her protection. Though she was non a great success in screening her kids from the wraths of the war she managed to boom on her concern. Her concern traffics in Scene 11 with the belt, selling off the capon to the cook at the regiment in Scene 21, the trades with the slugs and shirts in Scene 51 are testimony to this fact. Bing a adult female she was able to carry through such a undertaking in the fallen universe of war which is a singular effort.

On the other manus Sophocles ‘Antigone ‘ is a inactive character. She is steadfast and rebellious in nature and shows finding for the fulfillment of her rights. In her eyes the jurisprudence of Gods was holy and of extreme importance hence she believed she had to adhere to them and pay her last respects to her brother Polyneices by burying him. This was against the Order of Creon the swayer of Thebes. In the first episode where a conversation between the sisters Antigone and Ismene takes topographic point Antigone tries wheedling her sister to fall in her in the entombment of their brother her trait of bravery is depicted. When Ismene cautions her to execute the title in secret she blatantly refuses and instructs her to distribute word to the whole land about it. ( Antigone lines 70-75 ) 2. Antigone ‘s bravery stems out from the belief she had that people born in the baronial line should exhibit superior ethical virtuousnesss. The emotional uproar in her life ; her male parent Oedipus killed himself when he realized the fact that he was the ground of the decease and he had committed another wickedness by get marrieding his ain female parent, Her female parent committed self-destruction ; Both her brothers had to contend each other in the battleground which wrecked their lives. This awful province of personal businesss made her resilient and she was determined to give her brother a proper entombment. ( Antigone lines 45-65 ) 2. In the Grecian period where the drama is set male laterality was mostly prevailing in the society, interrupting the norms of the society and executing an act in stead against unfairness made Antigone a societal symbol.

By demoing the property of bravery the two supporters had to confront the wrath of their Nemesiss. Mother Courage ‘s Nemesis is the war itself from whom she was madly seeking her best to protect her kids from the war. In Scene 11 when the recruiting officer and Sergeant she tells them that he is of no usage to the ground forces as he ‘s fearful and would chicken out in a hassle. In Scene 31 she is enraged when she see ‘s Kattrin have oning Yvette ‘s ruddy boots because she is disquieted about her safety as the Catholics attacked without a bow warning but in Scene 61 she is seen giving those boots to Kattrin as that clip 1932 it was purportedly peace clip. When the Chaplain approaches her in Scene 31 and informs her that Eilif is demand of money or else his life would be in danger, Mother Courage relented at first but her motherly inherent aptitude made her relinquish some money. In contrast, Antigone Nemesis was her ain Uncle King Creon, who wanted to take away her life for traveling against his wish. Unlike Mother Courage Antigone had nil to agonise about other than her moral values hence she openly asserted to him that he speak away his life because there she felt that she would achieve glory lying on the grave beside her brother. Creon was enraged because his ‘hubris ‘ ; Grecian term for pride was hurt. Bing the dictator of the province he implied that utilizing his power he would stop his disobedient niece ‘s life. ( Antigone lines 435-445 ) 2.

The characteristic trait of ‘Courage ‘ set these two supporters apart in the sense that they were non stereotyped but they had to confront the effects of their actions. Brecht juxtaposes different aspects of Mother Courage ‘s interior psychological science to demo the reader even though she had the wisdom how things turn topsy turvy in her life ; her brave exterior signifiers as a footing for her ironically fearful interior ego. In Scene the ‘Fraternization vocal ‘ by Yvette, Mother Courage warns her girl about falling in love with a soldier which has a slender mention to her ain yesteryear. She fell in love with a soldier and was now fighting in the clip of crisis as the adult male she loved was non by her side and she had three oral cavities to feed. Taking cue from Mother Courage started on the ocean trip with her kids for their endurance even though she knew that this was hazardous and unsafe. The effects begin to demo their nature easy. In Scene 11 her eldest kid Eilif is taken off by the Recruiting Officer and Sergeant to acquire him enrolled in the ground forces. In Scene 31 her 2nd boy Swiss cheese is killed because he was bolting from the cantonment and he had the regimental hard currency box. Finally in Scene 11even her dense girl Kattrin is shot dead for seeking to make a hullaballoo with her drumming when the Catholic soldiers attacked a Protestant town of Halle. Slowly by easy each kid of Mother Courage is taken off from her and in the terminal she is stranded all entirely.

Sophocles ‘ Antigone being a good structured drama with inactive characters and a good defined climax the character of Antigone clasps on to her brave and rebellious nature to accomplish her end. The angered and intolerant Creon leads her to the riverside of Archaeon where he intended to set an terminal to her being. Antigone reflects upon her curst household history but does non keen over it. In the 4th episode she speaks out to the chorus about her determination to interrupt the regulations of the metropolis, she justifies her base by concluding out that if it had been her kid or her hubby she would n’t hold dared to perpetrate a offense against the metropolis jurisprudence but this being her brother and as both her parents were dead she had to take bravery and interrupt the jurisprudence and give her brother due honor. The bravery she showed leads her to her decease but her epic nature is revealed.

In decision we can rephrase ‘courage ‘ as unafraid endurance. Both Brecht and Sophocles have used this as a cardinal subject while germinating their characters. Courage was one important factor that set Mother Courage apart during the Thirty old ages war and Antigone from the other adult females who were suppressed due to the male laterality in that Grecian epoch. Both the characters build up and make a extremum of their personality due to this property but easy dramatic alterations start happening in their lives and both of them had to run into awful destinies.