Things Fall Apart By Libert Chinua English Literature Essay

Thingss Fall Apart is a rubric of a fresh written by the great writer, Libert Chinua Achebe. He was born in November 16th, 1930 in Ogidi, a big small town in Nigeria. He learned English at an early age and raised multiculturaly, graduated from a university college called Ibadan in 1953, studied history and divinity. His involvement concentrated on the autochthonal Nigerian civilizations. Achebe had tonss of parts in literary motion that discussed the Nigerian tradition and civilization of its autochthonal people. “ He wrote the Novel, Things Fall Apart as a response to novels, such as Joseph Conrad ‘s Heart of Darkness, that dainty Africa as backward civilizations in comparing to Europe. Achebe wants to present a good apprehension of the African civilization ” ( Sparknotes Editors, 2002 ) . Things Fall Apart is set in the 1890 ‘s and characterizes the clang between Nigeria ‘s White Colonial authorities and the traditional civilization of the autochthonal Ibo people. Achebe ‘s instruction in English and exposure to European imposts has allowed him to capture both the European and the African positions on colonial enlargement, faith, race, and civilization. “ His determination to compose Things Fall Apart in English is an of import 1. Achebe wanted this novel to react to earlier colonial histories of Africa ; his pick of linguistic communication was therefore political ” ( Sparknotes Editors, 2002 ) . Achebe wanted to accomplish cultural revival within and through English. However, he manages to capture the beat of the Ibo linguistic communication and he integrates Ibo vocabulary into the narrative. Achebe has become renowed throughout the universe as a male parent of modern African literature. “ He worked for the Nigerian Broadcasting Company for over a decennary and subsequently became an English professor at the University of Nigeria. He has besides been rather influential in the publication of new Nigerian authors ” ( Sparknotes Editors, 2002 ) . And he has been active in Nigerian political relations since the 1960 ‘s and many of his novels address the post-colonial societal and political jobs that Nigeria still faces.

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Furthermore, I would wish to discourse briefly the events and the secret plan sing the novel, Things Fall Apart. The narrative chiefly mentions the Umuofia kin, which is a lower Nigerian folk that is portion of a pool of nine connected small towns and the chief character, Okonkwo the wealthy and respected warrior of the Umuofia kin. His male parent, Unoka died in discredit, go forthing many small town debts unsettled. Okonkwo became a clanswoman, warrior, male parent, and household supplier extraordinaire. Okonkwo has a boy called Nwoye, which he thinks that he will stop up a failure like Unoka. Okonkwo takes charge of Ikemefuna, which Umuofia won in a colony with a neighbouring folk.

During the hebdomad of peace, Okonkwo breaks the regulations and accuses his youngest married woman Ojiugo because of her carelessness that she went out of her hut without stating Okonkwo that she would make so. He beats her up, and tried to unclutter his error to demo his penitence, but everyone started speaking about the accident between Okonkwo and his married woman because it is a shame amongst the community to interrupt the peace of the sacred hebdomad. One twenty-four hours, the locusts came to Umuofia and destroyed the Fieldss of yams, but the small town excitedly collects them because they are considered as nutrient.

Subsequently, Ogbuefi Ezuedu who is to them a well-thought-of small town senior, tells Okonkwo that the Oracle has said that Ikemefuna must be killed. Okonkwo told Ikemefuna that they must return him to his place small town, but it was a prevarication because he can non state the truth. While Ikemefuna walks with the work forces of Umuofia, he thought that he is traveling to see his female parent, but after a long walk the work forces attacked Ikemefuna and killed him, but after this event Okonkwo sinks into a depression and he neither able to kip nor eat. He visited his friend Obeirika and felt much better than earlier. Afterward, his girl Enzima falls ailment, nevertheless, Okonkwo collected some medical specialty for her and she recovered. The decease of Ogbuefi Ezeudu was announced by musical instruments. Oknowko feels guilty because the last clip Ezeudu visited him was to warn him against taking portion in Ikemefuna ‘s decease. At Ogbuefi Ezuedu ‘s big funeral, guns are fired and membranophones are beaten. A calamity merely happened that when Okonkwo ‘s gun explodes and putting to deaths Ogbuefi Ezeudu ‘s sixteen-year-old boy. Okonkwo decides to take his household into expatriate for seven old ages in order to expiate because killing a clanswoman is a offense against the Earth goddess. He moved to his female parent ‘s natal small town, Mbanta. Oknokwo ‘s kinsmen receive him wamly and helped him construct a new topographic point to populate in and lent him yam seeds to get down a farm. During the 2nd twelvemonth of Okonkwo ‘s expatriate, Obeirika brings several bags of cowries that he has made by selling Okonkwo ‘s yams and programs to go on to make so until Oknokwo returns to the small town. Besides, brings bad intelligence Abame, which is another small town that has been destroyed by the White work forces. Subsequently, six missionaries travel to Mbanta through the counsel called Mr. Kiaga. The missionaries ‘ leader called Mr. Brown spoke to the villagers and told them that they should merely idolize one God and non many. His purpose is to distribute Christianity, but the villagers do non understand him really good. Mr. Brown falls badly but Mr. John Smith takes his topographic point who insists to change over every bit many as he could to Christianity. Enoch ‘s daring to uncloak an egwugwu during the one-year ceremonial to honour the Earth divinity, which is an act equivalent to killing hereditary spirit ; the egwugwu burn Enoch ‘s compound and Reverend Smith ‘s Church to the land as a response to. The District Commissioner is upset by the combustion of the church and petitions that the leaders of Umuofia meet with him. And one time they gathered, nevertheless, the leaders are handcuffed and thrown in gaol, where they suffer abuses and physical maltreatment. Okonkwo kills the caput courier with his matchet. When the crowd allows the other couriers to get away, Okonkwo realizes that his kin is non willing to travel to war when the District Commissioner arrives at Okonkwo ‘s compound ; he finds that Okonkwo has hanged himself. The Commissioner, who is composing a book about Africa, believes that the narrative of Okonkwo ‘s rebellion and decease will do for an interesting paragraph or two. He has already chosen The Book ‘s rubric: “ The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of the Lower Niger ” ( pg. 85 )

The old paragraphs briefly demonstrate the facts of the novel. Consequently, I would wish to show the major characters of the fresh get downing with the chief character, Okonkwo, who is the boy of Unoka who has been a failure and ne’er succeeded, lazy, borrowed many debts and paid back a small or sometimes ne’er. As a consequence, he was idle, hapless, cowardly, soft, and interested in music and conversation. Okonkwo chiefly got positive features, he is productive, affluent, thrifty, weather, violent, and adamantly opposed to music and anything else that he perceives to be “ soft ” , such as conversation and emotion. He achieves great societal and fiscal success, marries three adult females and adopts several kids. He is so valuable to the community around him. He is an influential kin leader in Umuofia. As the narrative semen to stop, Okonkwo behaves headlong, conveying a great trade of problem and grieve upon himself and his household. The 2nd character I would wish to depict is Nwoye. He is Okonkwo ‘s oldest boy. His involvements resembles his gramps, Unoka. When Okonkwo sponsored Ikemefuna he becomes like an older brother to Nwoye and teaches him a soft signifier of successful maleness. After the slaying of Ikemefuna, Nwoye finds himself changed because he was used to Ikemefuna and all of a sudden that character has disappeared from Nwoye ‘s life. Nwoye joins the missionaries and converts into Christianity. Okonkwo criticizes him as “ effeminate ” and believes that Nwoye is afflicted with the same weaknesses as Unoka.

Harmonizing to the assorted subjects in the novel, Things Fall Apart we may happen a battle between alteration and tradition. For case, the Ibo are making their best to protect and maintain regard to their cultural values and they refuse any other cultural intervention. For illustration, the commissionaires tried to change over many of the Nigerian folk to Christianity, but the Ibo community has rejected this type of alteration to their tradition and fought in order to demo rejection of the thought to alter. Although, those that converted to Christianity bask a more elevated position. Many villagers are excited about the new chances and techniques that the missionaries bring. The Ibo civilization is threatened by the European influence particularly in traditional methods of agriculture, harvest home, edifice, and cookery. However, these new techniques have an consequence on the Ibo civilization and linguistic communication.

In add-on, changing readings of maleness is another subject I would wish to show in my research. Okonkwo appears to be violent and ambitious, which is the opposite personality which his male parent Unoka used to keep. He associates maleness with aggression and feels anger the lone emotion that he should expose. For this ground, he often beats his married womans even endangering to kill them from clip to clip. Obierika unlike Okonkwo “ was a adult male who thought about things ” . Whereas, Obierika refuses to attach to the work forces in the trip to kill Ikemefuna, Oknonkwo non merely voluntaries to fall in the party that will put to death his alternate boy, but besides violently stabs him with his matchet merely because he is afraid of looking weak.

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Furthermore, linguistic communication is an of import subject in Things Fall Apart on several degrees. Achebe shows that the Ibo linguistic communication is excessively complex for direct interlingual rendition into English. Similarly, Ibo civilization can non be understood within the model of European colonialist values. Achebe besides points out that Africa has many different linguistic communications. His end was to review and emend the portrayal of Africa that was painted by so many authors of the colonial period. Achebe managed to capture and convey the beat, constructions, meters, and beauty of the Ibo linguistic communication.

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In add-on, the Novel, Things Fall Apart describes the household life and populating agreements in Oknokwo ‘s place. For illustration, most households are composed of parents and their kids. Normally, the parents raise their kids and are in charge in taking attention of them. In peculiar, Okonkwo and his married womans co-operate and resemble a good integrity of a household, although everyone in the household is expected to make an sum of work. Harmonizing to chapter two:

“ Okonkwo ruled his family with a heavy manus, his married womans particularly the youngest lived in ageless fright of his fiery pique and so did his small kids. Possibly down in his bosom Okonkwo was non a cruel adult male, but his whole life was dominated by fright of failure and of failing. Besides, Okonkwo had his ain topographic point to remain called ‘obi ‘ . His married womans each of one them has her ain hut and their kids stayed with them ” ( pg. 7 )

Okonkwo ‘s married womans are: Ekwefi, Ogijdu and Nowye ‘s female parent. Okonkwo owns a farm, works difficult to guarantee populating for his household and that is what he believes is a adult male occupation. His married womans and kids are non every bit strong as him. His oldest boy called Nwoye who is twelve-year-old, but was already doing his male parent anxiousness because of his indolence. At any rate, that was how it looked to his male parent. He sought to rectify him by changeless nagging and whipping and so Nwoye was developing into a sad-faced young person.

Harmonizing to Things Fall Apart, Okonkwo had a big compound enclosed by thick walls of ruddy Earth. The barn was built against one terminal of the ruddy walls, and long tonss of yam stood out prosperously in it. At the opposite terminal of the compound was a shad for the caprine animals, and each married woman built a little fond regard to her hut for the biddies. Near the medical specialty house of shrine where Okonkwo kept the wooden symbols of his personal God and of his hereditary liquors, Okonkwo normally treats his married womans with choler because he believes that a true adult male should hold a tough control on his adult females and his words should overturn anybody else ‘s words. Achebe shows in chapter three that:

“ Okonkwo did non hold the start in his life which many immature work forces normally had. He did non inherit a barn from his male parent. There was no barn to inherit. Nwakibie helps Okonkwo construct up the beginnings of his personal wealth, position, and independency. Okonkwo relies on seting and reaping yams which are a beginning of nutrient and life, He treated Ikemefuna as he treated everybody else with a heavy manus ” ( pg.8 )

Besides, Okonkwo had a great choler on his 2nd youngest married woman, Ojiugo because she went to braid her hair at her friend ‘s house and did non return early plenty to cook the afternoon repast, but he beats her truly difficult when she came back. And he had forgotten it was the Week of Peace.

After the Week of Peace, Okonkwo prepared his seed yams with aid from his eldest boy, Nwoye and Ikemefuna by bringing the yams in long baskets from the barn, but Okonkwo ever found mistake with their attempt. As Okonkwo thought that “ yam stood for manfulness and wanted his boy to be a great husbandman as him, and he ne’er liked indolence for work forces ” ( pg. 15 ) As indicated in chapter four, Okonkwo and his household work together to works yams. Ikemefuna feels as being a member of the household. Okonkwo ‘s married womans take an of import function in populating agreements. For illustration, chapter five discusses how his married womans contributed in fixing for festival by cleaning the huts and giving it a good expression, had nice drawings and forms. At the same twenty-four hours, Okonkwo got angry when he knew that person killed the banana tree. His 2nd married woman “ had simply cut a few leaves off it to wrap some nutrient. ” ( pg.17 ) As he was fixing to his gun to travel out for runing he heard his married woman murmur “ something about guns that ne’er shot. ” So he pointed the gun on her and hit a slug, but fortuitously it did non hit Ekewfi which was near to be killed. Okonkwo did non make it on intent. Enzima has a good relationship with her ma, Ekwefi, they tell each other narratives and assist each other in cooking. Enzima was a good girl, loves to function and assist others particularly when she helped Nwoye ‘s female parent to illume the fire.

Furthermore, Enzima normally takes attention of her male parent, Okonkwo, brings him nutrient and obeys his orders. Therefore, Okonkwo wished that Enzima was a male child because she had the right spirit. Besides, “ Okonkwo was really lucky in his girls. He ne’er stopped repenting that Enzima was a miss. Of all his kids she entirely understood his every temper. A bond of understanding had grown between them as the old ages had passed. ” ( pg. 71 )

Taping plam trees was one of the occupations in Okonkwo ‘s household in order to absorb palm-wine. Okonkwo ever used to state narratives about tribal wars or violent folks to his boies Nwoye and Ikemefuna. Nwoye “ knew that it was right to be masculine, but someway, “ he still preferred the narratives that his female parent used to state ” ( pg. 23 ) . After the violent death of Ikemefuna, Okonkwo got sad and depressed ; he drank palm-wine all dark. This shows that Okonkwo has two characters: one, maleness ; two, emotional. Enzima brought nutrient to. He did non accept the status he is being through and inquire himself: “ when did you go a shaky old adult female? ” ( pg. 28 )

To clear up, when Enzima got ill, Ekwefi informed Okonkwo about it and he went in a haste to roll up foliages, grasses, and barks of trees that went into doing the medical specialty for iba. As pointed about in the novel, sing Okonkwo ‘s felicity one time Ekwefi borne Enzima that he had slaughtered a caprine animal for her, as was the usage excessively.

Furthermore, the last chapters of the novel discuse the relationship between Nwoye and his male parent Okonkwo becomes weak particularly when the missionaries came in the Umuofia. For illustration, as Achebe wrote that:

“ Nwoye resembled his gramps, Unoka aa‚¬A¦ He Okonkwo, was called a fire fire. How could he hold begotten a adult female for a boy? At Nwoye ‘s age Okonkwo had already become celebrated throughout Umuofia for his wrestle and his bravery. ” ( pg. 65 )

This shows that Okonkwo is shocked that his boy Nwoye is wholly different than his male parent and says that he is debauched and effeminate.

Harmonizing to Things Fall Apart, the Ibo society demonstrates different functions and maps amongst work forces and adult females. For case, the Ibo civilization which consists of nine small towns, each small town has its ain leader and kin, believes, traditions, and functions. The functions of work forces in the Ibo society: they works and reap their farms which rely on yams. Men reassign intelligence to each other and even to different parts in small towns ; they contribute in wars if any and unite to protect their small towns. After all, the Ibo society gives no regard and self-respect to their adult females and believes that adult females should make what they are ordered to make. Therefore, adult females are chiefly responsible to take attention and function nutrient to their kids.

To sum up, Okonkwo is a successful adult male ; he grew strong and able to make a difficult work such as planting and contending in wars. He is a true adult male and ever respected amongst the kins. He has a good control sing his household. For illustration, he handles his married womans and kids in a tough manner which he believes what makes him a true adult male. Though, he does non demo emotions, but got depressed for the decease of Ikemefuna. He treated his married womans in an anger attitude, which was non accepted by his married womans. He was happy one time Ekwefi gave birth to Enzima and he slaughtered a caprine animal for her. Okonkwo has a good relationship with his girl Enzima and he ever wished that she were a male child because she has the right spirit. When she got sick, he went to roll up foliages and certain points as medical specialty in order to retrieve her unwellness. On the manus, Okonkwo ever upraise Nwoye ‘s behaviours as a consequence of his indolence and he ever felt that he is emasculate particularly when the missionaries came to distribute out Christianity. Nwoye has converted to Christianity and ne’er called Okonkwo as his male parent. Okonkwo was rather aghast sing to who is being go oning and refused to see his boy Nwoye any longer.

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In decision, the novel, Things Fall Apart written by the writer Chinua Achebe demonstrates several points sing the Ibo society which sets in Nigeria and which the writer wanted to give a positive attitude about the Ibo society and civilization. Therefore he presented household life and life agreements, which show that work forces have different functions and maps that adult females, every bit good as the kids. A good illustration about the household life in the Ibo society is Okonkwo ‘s household who grew as a great and brave adult male better than his male parent Unoka. Okonkwo was good known amongst the Ibo society. He has three married womans, each one stayed in her ain hut, he has a farm which was planted with yams. The author ‘s concern in this novel is to show the traditions, civilization, linguistic communication, and the history of the Ibo society, in peculiar, the White work forces who brought missionaries and settled in Nigeria in order to distribute Christianity amongst the society. Finally, the fresh discuses many facts about the Ibo society which readers might hold non known from the yesteryear to the present, but served as a good background of cognition.