Winston Smith

The ideological development of Winston Smith in 1984

One of the two most celebrated books of George Orwell, 1984, depicts a pessimistic vision of the future universe consisting of three totalitarian provinces ; Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia, invariably at war with each other and maintaining multitudes under careful observation and full control. Therefore, the mean people in 1984 can non develop in any ways, except physically, because all their ideas and thoughts are under control of the Party. Emotions are unwanted, except for the devoted love of Big Brother, and the profound hatred of Emmanuel Goldstein, and the enemies of the Party. Party members are being watched through telescreens all twenty-four hours, so when the first symptoms of unorthodoxy are noticed, they can be “cured” instantly. In add-on, telescreens are invariably supplying people with the appropriate thoughts.

Even the future linguistic communication of Oceania, Newspeak, prevents people from “unorthodox” ideas. All he unneeded words, such as the 1s bearing merely little differences, are being removed from the lexicon. The remainder of the words are being deprived of their secondary and “improper” significances. Consequently, in the close hereafter, party members are non traveling to be able to believe of unequal thoughts.

Winston Smith seems to be the lone adult male in London who has human ideas. There might be other people like him about, but due to the current system, people are prevented from demoing their “unorthodox” ideas and feelings. Winston Smith is an ordinary party member, except for the fact that he is a intelligent animal. He has had ideas long before he starts to compose his journal, and his ideas have non been appropriate in the oculus of the Party. His Therefore, he has been a thoughtcriminal for old ages, but he was able to conceal it, by understanding what the Party expects from an ideal member, and mimicing it. The unpremeditated act of invariably believing is his first measure to revolution.

The following degree of rebellion is to get down composing his journal. Though the act of composing seems to be pointless, even unsafe ; it is satisfactory. Winston Smith starts to compose his journal in an unusual manner, he does non believe about what he is composing, he merely lets his ideas embody on the paper. This method is called automatic authorship ; ”modern psychodynamic theories of personality propose that traits, attitudes, motivations, urges, and memories that are incompatible with the individual ‘s witting consciousness may be dissociated from consciousness and seldom expressed overtly in the class of normal waking behaviour.” ( Encyclopaedia Britannica ) Using this method, the individual is incognizant of what will be written: “Suddenly he began composing in sheer terror, merely amiss cognizant of what he was puting down. His little but infantile script straggled up and down the page, casting first its capital letters and eventually even its full stops.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.11 ) “He did non cognize what had made him pour out this watercourse of rubbish.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.11 )

After get downing his journal, he shortly starts to believe about how the government works. He is in a good place to be able to see into the administration, because Winston works in Minitrue, Ministry of Truth, where he rectifies some earlier articles. He remembers an incident when he found an unquestionable grounds of the premise that the Party alterations past events to turn out his statements.

Winston comes to the decision that merely the workers are free in his society, and they are the 1s who could get the better of the authorization of the Party. He writes: “If there is hope it lies in the proles.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.60 )

The lone job with the workers is that they do non care about political relations, and they do non cognize what sort of power is in their custodies. They are the great bulk ( 85 % ) of the society, but they live politically unconsciously. “Until they become witting they will ne’er arise, and until after they have rebelled they can non go conscious.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.61 )

Smith realizes what the Party does. He knows how they falsify the yesteryear and how they manipulate party members and the workers, but he does non cognize why they do this. “The immediate advantages of distorting the yesteryear were obvious, but the ultimate motivation was cryptic. He took up his pen once more and wrote: I understand HOW: I do non understand WHY.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.68 )

He besides realizes that the existent freedom is the freedom of ideas, and he thinks that it can non be taken off from people: “Freedom is the freedom to state that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.69 )

Consequently, at the terminal of Part I, Winston is a existent Rebel, he finds out many things about the Party, yet he does non make anything against it. He starts to revolt in his private life, when he starts an matter with Julia. The Party considers sex merely the manner to bring forth citizens in the state. The Party wants to get rid of sexual contact, therefore they encourage immature people to set about unreal insemination. As Daphne Patai points out, the Party “prohibits sex except for the intent of reproduction, on the premise that sexual tenseness could be redirected as passionate hate of an enemy and passionate love of an abstract leader.” ( Patai, 1984 ) Julia pretends to be an guiltless, perfect party member, but she frequently has sex in secret with other Party members. This is her manner of arising against the current system.

“ ‘Have you done this before? ‘

‘Of class. Hundreds of times — good tonss of times anyhow. ‘

‘With Party members. ‘

‘Yes, ever with Party members. ‘ ” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.104 )

Winston and Julia start to hold a secret life together. Winston rents a room from a prole adult male and they meet at that place on a regular basis. They make love, consume things from the black market and speak a batch. Winston negotiations to Julia about political relations. Although Julia is non genuinely interested in it, she listens to him and agrees, because she loves him.

“’I ‘m non interested in the following coevals, dear. I ‘m interested in us. ‘

‘You ‘re merely a Rebel from the waist downwards, ‘ he told her.

She thought this brightly witty and flung her weaponries round him in delectation. “ ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.129 )

Winston is waiting for a mark of the Brotherhood ; the belowground organisation, headed by Emmanuel Goldstein, that is in secret seeking to subvert the Party. He wants to make something efficaciously against the Party. Peoples do non cognize anything about Brotherhood, but at that place has ever been a rumour of something like the Brotherhood. Winston truly believes in the Brotherhood, and he has ever wanted to be a portion of it.

“It had happened at last. The expected message had come. All his life, it seemed to him, he had been waiting for this to happen.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.131 ) O’Brien, the 1 who Winston has ever believed to be a rebellious individual, invites him to his place. What Winston expects is some sort of induction to the Brotherhood. He wants to belong to an organisation that truly does something against the Party. He has ever believed what the arrested insurrectionists confessed, and he wants to make similar things to those. O’Brien took Winston and Julia in the Brotherhood.

Smith receives the book that Goldstein wrote and he starts to read it. He is satisfied because he thinks that his inquiries will be answered, but at the terminal he becomes disappointed by the book, because it does non give any replies yet.

“ He had still, he reflected, non learned the ultimate secret. He understood how ; he did non understand why. Chapter 1, like Chapter 3, had non really told him anything that he did non cognize ; it had simply systematized the cognition that he possessed already.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p179 )

After reading two chapters of the book, the worst thing happens to Winston and Julia. They have been betrayed and than arrested. It turns out that the worker adult male that let the room for them and even O’Brien are the agents of the thoughtpolice. Therefore Winston is non merely defeated by the book, but besides by the adult male that he truly respected.

Winston is taken to Miniluv where O’Brien takes him in manus. O’Brien teaches Winston in a Platonic method. He asks inquiries every bit far as Winston gives the right reply. O’Brien, at last, gives the replies to Winston ‘s inquiries.

“ Now I will state you the reply to my inquiry. It is this. The Party seeks power wholly for its ain interest. We are non interested in the good of others ; we are interested entirely in power. Not wealth or luxury or long life or felicity: merely power, pure power. What pure power means you will understand soon. We are different from all the oligarchies of the yesteryear, in that we know what we are making. All the others, even those who resembled ourselves, were cowards and hypocrites.” ( Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.217 )

At the terminal, when he understood all that he wanted, he was taken to Room 101, and he had been changed. At the top of his ideological development, Winston became intellectually murdered. He knew what he wanted to cognize, but he did non believe himself. The lone thing he trusted was the Party, and Big Brother.

All in all, Winston goes through a difficult and long procedure of ideological advancement. Harmonizing to Adibur Rahman, “Winston Smith wants to come “up for Air” in order to pass on with his echt voice of ego which is of class, non pessimistic. He no longer identifies himself with the bing unfeelingness of the society.” ( Adibur, 2002 ) First, he did non consciously think of rebelling, his subconscious ideas and his dreams were his manner of thought. Then the following degree was to spill his feelings and ideas through his journal. After that he started to retrace his ideas consciously, so he was non pleased with thought, he wanted to move. At the beginning, he merely rioted in his private life, after that he wanted to reassign it to public life, although he did non clearly understand his political orientation. This was the point when he got arrested, and his inquiries were answered by O’Brien, who was his treasonist, his wise man, his enemy and his friend. He had intellectually been murdered, when he had reached the zenith of his ideological progress.

Plants consulted:

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Patai, Daphne. The Orwell Mystique A Study in Male Ideology. Amherst, 1984

Rahman, Adibur. George Orwell: a humanistic approach.New Delhi, 2002